English

Fauna of Texas

Sponges

Sponges intro

Spongilla lacustris (Spongilla lacustris)

Corals

Corals intro

Diffuse ivory bush coral (Oculina diffusa)

Northern cup coral (Astrangia poculata)

Jellyfish

Jellyfish intro

Green hydra (Hydra viridissima)

By the wind sailor (Velella velella)

Craspedacusta sowerbii (Craspedacusta sowerbii)

Portuguese man o’ war (Physalia physalis)

Australian spotted jellyfish (Phyllorhiza punctata)

Cannonball jellyfish (Stomolophus meleagris)

Purple-striped jellyfish (Pelagia noctiluca)

Moon jellyfish (Aurelia aurita)

Worms

Worms intro

Blackworm (Lumbriculus variegatus)

Sludge worm (Tubifex tubifex)

Common clam worm (Alitta succinea)

Mollusks

Mollusks intro

Bivalves

Bivalves intro

Clams

Clams intro

Eared ark (Anadara notabilis)

Transverse ark (Anadara transversa)

Mossy ark (Arca imbricata)

Turkey wing (Arca zebra)

Arctic hiatella (Hiatella arctica)

Angelwing (Cyrtopleura costata)

Half-naked pen shell (Atrina seminuda)

Rough pen shell (Pinna rudis)

Giant Atlantic cockle (Dinocardium robustum)

Leafy jewelbox (Chama macerophylla)

Variable coquina (Donax variabilis)

Tiger lucine (Codakia orbicularis)

Mussels

Mussels intro

American horse mussel (Modiolus americanus)

Three-horn wartyback (Obliquaria reflexa)

Dark false mussel (Mytilopsis leucophaeata)

Oysters

Oysters intro

Common jingle (Anomia simplex)

Eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica)

Scallops

Scallops intro

Rough scallop (Aequipecten muscosus)

Atlantic calico scallop (Argopecten gibbus)

Paper scallop (Euvola papyracea)

Gastropods

Gastropods intro

Busycon whelks

Hawkwing conch (Lobatus raninus)

Common slipper shell (Crepidula fornicata)

Lettered olive (Oliva sayana)

Sargassum nudibranch (Scyllaea pelagica)

Roostertail conch (Lobatus gallus)

Island apple snail (Pomacea maculata)

Mottled sea hare (Aplysia fasciata)

Reticulated cowrie helmet (Cypraecassis testiculus)

Well-ribbed dovesnail (Costoanachis translirata)

Measled cowrie (Macrocypraea zebra)

Banded tulip (Cinctura lilium)

True tulip (Fasciolaria tulipa)

Milk snail (Otala lactea)

Janthina (Janthina janthina)

Marsh periwinkle (Littoraria irrorata)

Great pond snail (Lymnaea stagnalis)

American ribbed fluke snail (Pseudosuccinea columella)

Giant eastern murex (Hexaplex fulvescens)

Florida rocksnail (Stramonita haemastoma)

Shark eye (Neverita duplicata)

Four-toothed nerite (Nerita versicolor)

Virgin nerite (Neritina virginea)

European physa (Physella acuta)

Seminole rams-horn (Planorbella duryi)

Planorbella trivolvis (Planorbella trivolvis)

Liver elimia (Elimia livescens)

Banded scrubsnail (Praticolella berlandieriana)

Rosy wolfsnail (Euglandina rosea)

Decollate snail (Rumina decollata)

Fine-ribbed auger (Terebra protexta)

Quilted melania (Tarebia granifera)

Giant tun (Tonna galea)

Three-ridge valvata (Valvata tricarinata)

Banded mystery snail (Viviparus georgianus)

Octopuses

Octopuses intro

Common octopus (Octopus vulgaris)

Squids

Squids intro

Ram’s horn squid (Spirula spirula)

Longfin inshore squid (Doryteuthis pealeii)

Arrow squid (Doryteuthis plei)

Atlantic brief squid (Lolliguncula brevis)

Crustaceans

Crustaceans intro

Barnacles

Barnacles intro

Smooth goose barnacle (Lepas anatifera)

Goose barnacle (Lepas anserifera)

Ivory barnacle (Amphibalanus eburneus)

Bay barnacle (Amphibalanus improvisus)

Purple striped barnacle (Balanus trigonus)

Giant purple barnacle (Megabalanus tintinnabulum)

Crabs

Crabs intro

Calico box crab (Hepatus epheliticus)

Portly spider crab (Libinia emarginata)

Atlantic ghost crab (Ocypode quadrata)

Zuiderzee crab (Rhithropanopeus harrisii)

Hemigrapsus estellinensis (Hemigrapsus estellinensis)

Crayfish

Crayfish intro

Cambarus (Cambarus bartonii|Astacus Bartonii)

Orconectes (Orconectes inermis)

Virile crayfish (Orconectes virilis)

Red swamp crawfish (Procambarus clarkii)

Shrimps

Shrimps intro

Artemia salina (Artemia salina)

Daphnia pulex (Daphnia pulex)

Longtail tadpole shrimp (Triops longicaudatus)

Macrobrachium carcinus (Macrobrachium carcinus)

Ohio shrimp (Macrobrachium ohione)

Eastern grass shrimp (Palaemonetes paludosus)

Daggerblade grass shrimp (Palaemonetes pugio)

Woodlice and allies

Common pill-bug (Armadillidium vulgare)

Echinoderms

Echinoderms intro

Starfish

Starfish intro

Two-spined sea star (Astropecten duplicatus)

Gray sea star (Luidia clathrata)

Sea urchins

Sea urchins intro

Sand dollar (Mellita quinquiesperforata)

Centipedes

House centipede (Scutigera coleoptrata)

Arachnids

Spiders

Spiders intro

Grass spiders and allies

Desert grass spider (Agelenopsis aperta)

Anyphaenid sac spiders

Aysha velox (Hibana velox)

Orb-weaver spiders

Barn spider (Araneus cavaticus)

European garden spider (Araneus diadematus)

Cat-faced spider (Araneus gemma)

Jewel spider (Araneus gemmoides)

Texas orb-weaver (Araneus illaudatus)

Marbled orb-weaver (Araneus marmoreus)

Silver Argiope (Argiope argentata)

Yellow garden spider (Argiope aurantia)

Banded garden spider (Argiope trifasciata)

Cyclosa conica (Cyclosa conica)

Star spider (Gasteracantha cancriformis)

Furrow spider (Larinioides cornutus)

Bridge spider (Larinioides sclopetarius)

Labyrinth orbweaver (Metepeira labyrinthea)

Spined micrathena (Micrathena gracilis)

Arrow-shaped micrathena (Micrathena sagittata)

Neoscona arabesca (Neoscona arabesca)

Hentz’s orbweaver (Neoscona crucifera)

Spotted orbweaver (Neoscona domiciliorum)

Atypical tarantulas

Red legged purseweb spider (Sphodros rufipes)

Woodlouse hunters

Woodlouse spider (Dysdera crocata)

Crevice weaver spiders

Southern house spider (Kukulcania hibernalis)

Ground spiders

Eastern parson spider (Herpyllus ecclesiasticus)

Mouse spider (Scotophaeus blackwalli)

Leptonetidae

Tooth Cave spider (Neoleptoneta myopica)

Sheet weavers

Blacktailed red sheetweaver (Florinda coccinea)

Bowl and doily spider (Frontinella communis)

Filmy dome spider (Neriene radiata)

Wolf spiders

Carolina wolf spider (Hogna carolinensis)

Hogna helluo (Hogna helluo)

Rabid wolf spider (Rabidosa rabida)

Miturgidae

Black-footed yellow sac spider (Cheiracanthium inclusum)

Nephilidae

Banana spider (Nephila clavipes)

Disc web spiders

Wall spider (Oecobius navus)

Lynx spiders

Striped lynx spider (Oxyopes salticus)

Green lynx spider (Peucetia viridans)

Philodromid crab spiders

Tibellus oblongus (Tibellus oblongus)

Cellar spiders

Tailed cellar spider (Crossopriza lyoni)

Cellar spider (Pholcus phalangioides)

Nursery web spiders

Striped fishing spider (Dolomedes scriptus)

Dark fishing spider (Dolomedes tenebrosus)

Six-spotted fishing spider (Dolomedes triton)

Nursery web spider (Pisaurina mira)

Jumping spiders

Admestina tibialis (Admestina tibialis)

Twin-flagged jumping spider (Anasaitis canosa)

Habronattus calcaratus (Habronattus calcaratus)

Habronattus coecatus (Habronattus coecatus)

Adanson’s house jumper (Hasarius adansoni)

Maevia inclemens (Maevia inclemens)

Pike slender jumper (Marpissa pikei)

Gray wall jumper (Menemerus bivittatus)

Metacyrba taeniola (Metacyrba taeniola)

Naphrys pulex (Naphrys pulex)

Paraphidippus aurantius (Paraphidippus aurantius)

Peppered jumper (Pelegrina galathea)

Daring jumping spider (Phidippus audax)

Phidippus clarus (Phidippus clarus)

Red-backed jumping spider (Phidippus johnsoni)

Phidippus mystaceus (Phidippus mystaceus)

Phidippus octopunctatus (Phidippus octopunctatus)

Canopy jumping spider (Phidippus otiosus)

Phidippus pius (Phidippus pius)

Phidippus princeps (Phidippus princeps)

Phidippus putnami (Phidippus putnami)

Phidippus whitmani (Phidippus whitmani)

Tan jumping spider (Platycryptus undatus)

Pantropical jumping spider (Plexippus paykulli)

Zebra spider (Salticus scenicus)

Sassacus cyaneus (Sassacus cyaneus)

Sassacus vitis (Sassacus vitis)

Thiodina puerpera (Thiodina puerpera)

Zygoballus nervosus (Zygoballus nervosus)

Hammerjawed jumper (Zygoballus rufipes)

Zygoballus sexpunctatus (Zygoballus sexpunctatus)

Spitting spiders

Scytodes thoracica (Scytodes thoracica)

Recluse spiders

Brown recluse spider (Loxosceles reclusa)

Mediterranean recluse spider (Loxosceles rufescens)

Huntsman spiders

Giant crab spider (Heteropoda venatoria)

Long-jawed orb weavers

Orchard spider (Leucauge venusta)

Elongate stilt spider (Tetragnatha elongata)

Tarantulas

Texas tan tarantula (Aphonopelma anax)

Texas brown tarantula (Aphonopelma hentzi)

Tangle-web spiders

Brown widow (Latrodectus geometricus)

Western black widow spider (Latrodectus hesperus)

Southern black widow (Latrodectus mactans)

Northern widow (Latrodectus variolus)

Red house spider (Nesticodes rufipes)

Common house spider (Parasteatoda tepidariorum)

Triangulate cobweb spider (Steatoda triangulosa)

Crab spiders

Goldenrod crab spider (Misumena vatia)

Misumenops asperatus (Misumenops asperatus)

Celer crab spider (Misumenops celer)

Cribellate orb weavers

Feather-legged orbweaver (Uloborus glomosus)

Whip scorpions

Giant vinegarroon (Mastigoproctus giganteus)

Ticks and allies

Black-legged tick (Ixodes scapularis)

Springtails

Anurida maritima (Anurida maritima)

Water springtail (Podura aquatica)

Insects

Insects intro

Larva

Pupa

Eyes and ocelli

Wings, halteres, and elytra

Alates

Grasshoppers

Grasshoppers intro

Differential grasshopper (Melanoplus differentialis)

Red-legged grasshopper (Melanoplus femurrubrum)

Eastern lubber grasshopper (Romalea guttata)

Horse lubber grasshopper (Taeniopoda eques)

Crickets

Crickets intro

House cricket (Acheta domestica)

Fall field cricket (Gryllus pennsylvanicus)

Tawny mole cricket (Scapteriscus vicinus)

Beetles

Beetles intro

Jewel beetles

Emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis)

Sculptured pine borer (Chalcophora virginiensis)

Soldier beetles

Goldenrod soldier beetle (Chauliognathus pensylvanicus)

Ground beetles

Megacephala carolina (Megacephala carolina)

Longhorn beetles

Ivory-marked beetle (Eburia quadrigeminata)

Locust borer beetle (Megacyllene robiniae)

Red-headed ash borer (Neoclytus acuminatus)

Leaf beetles

Golden tortoise beetle (Charidotella sexpunctata)

Dogbane leaf beetle (Chrysochus auratus)

Ladybugs

Mealybug ladybird (Cryptolaemus montrouzieri)

Harlequin ladybird (Harmonia axyridis)

Snout beetles

Boll weevil (Anthonomus grandis)

Skin beetles

Varied carpet beetle (Anthrenus verbasci)

Click beetles

Eastern-eyed click beetle (Alaus oculatus)

Fireflies

Common eastern firefly (Photinus pyralis)

Stag beetles

Reddish-brown stag beetle (Lucanus capreolus)

Scarabs

Eastern Hercules beetle (Dynastes tityus)

Spangled flower beetle (Euphoria sepulcralis)

Rose chafer (Macrodactylus subspinosus)

Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica)

Large carrion beetles

American carrion beetle (Necrophila americana)

Silverfish

Silverfish and firebrats intro

Silverfish (Lepisma saccharina)

Firebrat (Thermobia domestica)

Mayflies

Giant mayfly (Hexagenia limbata)

Alderflies

Eastern dobsonfly (Corydalus cornutus)

Bugs

Bugs intro

Giant water bugs

Giant water bug (Lethocerus americanus)

Froghoppers

Two-lined spittlebug (Prosapia bicincta)

Leafhopper

Candy-striped leafhopper (Graphocephala coccinea)

Bed bugs

Bed bug

Leaf-footed bugs

Orange-tipped leaf-footed bug (Anasa tristis)

Western conifer seed bug (Leptoglossus occidentalis)

Eastern leaf-footed bug (Leptoglossus phyllopus)

Milkweed bugs

Large milkweed bug (Oncopeltus fasciatus)

Shield bugs

Twice-stabbed stink bug (Cosmopepla lintneriana)

Brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys)

Harlequin cabbage bug (Murgantia histrionica)

Southern green stink bug (Nezara viridula)

Assassin bugs and allies

Wheel bug (Arilus cristatus)

Masked hunter (Reduvius personatus)

Scentless plant bugs

Boxelder bug (Boisea trivittata)

Dragonflies

Dragonflies intro

Blue-eyed darner (Aeshna multicolor)

Green darner (Anax junius)

Common sanddragon (Progomphus obscurus)

Halloween pennant (Celithemis eponina)

Eastern pondhawk (Erythemis simplicicollis)

Widow skimmer (Libellula luctuosa)

Blue dasher (Pachydiplax longipennis)

Eastern amberwing (Perithemis tenera)

Common whitetail (Plathemis lydia)

Black saddlebags (Tramea lacerata)

Damselflies

Damselflies intro

Blue-fronted dancer (Argia apicalis)

Familiar bluet (Enallagma civile)

Ants, bees, and wasps

Ants, bees, and wasps intro

Ants

Black carpenter ant (Camponotus pennsylvanicus)

Pavement ant (Tetramorium caespitum)

Bees

Western honey bee (Apis mellifera)

Common eastern bumblebee (Bombus impatiens)

American bumblebee (Bombus pensylvanicus)

Orange-belted bumblebee (Bombus ternarius)

Yellow-faced bumblebee (Bombus vosnesenskii)

Eastern carpenter bee (Xylocopa virginica)

Wasps

Cicada killer (Sphecius speciosus)

Thistledown velvet ant (Dasymutilla gloriosa)

Red velvet ant (Dasymutilla occidentalis)

American pelecinid wasp (Pelecinus polyturator)

Blue-winged wasp (Scolia dubia)

Black and yellow mud dauber (Sceliphron caementarium)

Great golden digger wasp (Sphex ichneumoneus)

Bald-faced hornet (Dolichovespula maculata)

Potter wasp (Eumenes fraternus)

Monobia quadridens (Monobia quadridens)

Mosquitoes and flies

Mosquitoes and flies intro

Large bee-fly (Bombylius major)

Scaeva pyrastri (Scaeva pyrastri)

Toxomerus geminatus (Toxomerus geminatus)

Cockroaches

Cuban cockroach (Panchlora nivea)

Asian field cockroach (Blattella asahinai)

German cockroach (Blattella germanica)

Boll’s wood cockroach (Parcoblatta bolliana)

Southern wood cockroach (Parcoblatta divisa)

Fulvous wood cockroach (Parcoblatta fulvescens)

Broad wood cockroach (Parcoblatta lata)

Pennsylvania wood cockroach (Parcoblatta pensylvanica)

Virginia wood cockroach (Parcoblatta virginica)

Red runner cockroach (Blatta lateralis)

American cockroach (Periplaneta americana)

Australian cockroach (Periplaneta australasiae)

Brown cockroach (Periplaneta brunnea)

Smokybrown cockroach (Periplaneta fuliginosa)

Earwigs

Ringlegged earwig (Euborellia annulipes)

Common earwig (Forficula auricularia)

Moths

Moths intro

Scarlet-bodied wasp moth (Cosmosoma myrodora)

Clymene moth (Haploa clymene)

Many-spotted tiger moth (Hypercompe permaculata)

Giant leopard moth (Hypercompe scribonia)

Isabella tiger moth (Pyrrharctia isabella)

Black witch (Ascalapha odorata)

Forage looper (Caenurgina erechtea)

Tulip-tree beauty moth (Epimecis hortaria)

Eastern tent caterpillar (Malacosoma americanum)

Large tolype moth (Tolype velleda)

Saddleback caterpillar (Acharia stimulea)

Hag moth (Phobetron pithecium)

White-marked tussock moth (Orgyia leucostigma)

Lunate zale (Zale lunata)

Evergreen bagworm (Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis)

Himmelman’s plume moth (Geina tenuidactyla)

Hellinsia homodactylus (Hellinsia homodactylus)

Luna moth (Actias luna)

Polyphemus moth (Antheraea polyphemus)

Promethea moth (Callosamia promethea)

Regal moth (Citheronia regalis)

Imperial moth (Eacles imperialis)

Walnut sphinx moth (Amorpha juglandis)

Achemon sphinx (Eumorpha achemon)

Pandorus sphinx moth (Eumorpha pandorus)

Vine sphinx (Eumorpha vitis)

White-lined sphinx (Hyles lineata)

Rustic sphinx (Manduca rustica)

Tobacco hornworm (Manduca sexta)

Big poplar sphinx (Pachysphinx occidentalis)

Small-eyed sphinx (Paonias myops)

Tersa sphinx (Xylophanes tersa)

Atteva pustulella (Atteva pustulella)

Butterflies

Butterflies intro

Skipper butterflies

Skipper butterflies intro

Hoary edge (Achalarus lyciades)

Coyote cloudywing (Achalarus toxeus)

Sickle-winged skipper (Achlyodes mithridates)

Lace-winged roadside skipper (Amblyscirtes aesculapius)

Dusky roadside skipper (Amblyscirtes alternata)

Bell’s roadside skipper (Amblyscirtes belli)

Celia’s roadside skipper (Amblyscirtes celia)

Pepper-and-salt skipper (Amblyscirtes hegon)

Pathside skipper (Amblyscirtes vialis)

Delaware skipper (Anatrytone logan)

Least skipper (Ancyloxypha numitor)

Yellow-tipped flasher (Astraptes anaphus)

Two-barred flasher (Astraptes fulgerator)

Sachem (Atalopedes campestris)

Arogos skipper (Atrytone arogos)

Dusted skipper (Atrytonopsis hianna)

Golden banded-skipper (Autochton cellus)

Brazilian skipper (Calpodes ethlius)

Common streaky-skipper (Celotes nessus)

White-patched skipper (Chiomara asychis)

Southern skipperling (Copaeodes minima)

Double-dotted skipper (Decinea percosius)

Silver-spotted skipper (Epargyreus clarus)

Wild indigo duskywing (Erynnis baptisiae)

Banded oak duskywing (Erynnis brizo)

Funereal duskywing (Erynnis funeralis)

Horace’s duskywing (Erynnis horatius)

Juvenal’s duskywing (Erynnis juvenalis)

Bay skipper (Euphyes bayensis)

Dion skipper (Euphyes dion)

Dukes’ skipper (Euphyes dukesi)

Dun skipper (Euphyes vestris)

Laviana white-skipper (Heliopetes laviana)

Turk’s-cap white-skipper (Heliopetes macaira)

Juba skipper (Hesperia juba)

Cobweb skipper (Hesperia metea)

Pahaska skipper (Hesperia pahaska)

Uncas skipper (Hesperia uncas)

Fiery skipper (Hylephila phyleus)

Clouded skipper (Lerema accius)

Eufala skipper (Lerodea eufala)

Yucca giant-skipper (Megathymus yuccae)

Julia’s skipper (Nastra julia)

Oligoria (Oligoria maculata)

Ocola skipper (Panoquina ocola)

Salt marsh skipper (Panoquina panoquin)

Glazed pellicia (Pellicia arina)

Bloody spot (Phocides polybius)

Common sootywing (Pholisora catullus)

Umber skipper (Poanes melane)

Broad-winged skipper (Poanes viator)

Yehl skipper (Poanes yehl)

Zabulon skipper (Poanes zabulon)

Crossline skipper (Polites origenes)

Peck’s skipper (Polites peckius)

Rhesus skipper (Polites rhesus)

Tawny-edged skipper (Polites themistocles)

Whirlabout (Polites vibex)

Little glassywing (Pompeius verna)

Byssus skipper (Problema byssus)

White checkered skipper (Pyrgus albescens)

Common checkered-skipper (Pyrgus communis)

Tropical checkered skipper (Pyrgus oileus)

Desert checkered skipper (Pyrgus philetas)

Texas powdered skipper (Systasea pulverulenta)

Southern cloudywing (Thorybes bathyllus)

Mexican cloudywing (Thorybes mexicana)

Northern cloudywing (Thorybes pylades)

Brown-banded skipper (Timochares ruptifasciatus)

Lilac-banded longtail (Urbanus dorantes)

Brown longtail (Urbanus procne)

Long-tailed skipper (Urbanus proteus)

Plain longtail (Urbanus simplicius)

Northern broken dash (Wallengrenia egeremet)

Southern broken dash (Wallengrenia otho)

Gossamer-winged butterflies

Gossamer-winged butterflies intro

Strophius hairstreak (Allosmaitia strophius)

Great purple hairstreak (Atlides halesus)

Western pygmy blue (Brephidium exilis)

Juniper hairstreak (Callophrys gryneus)

Henry’s elfin (Callophrys henrici)

Frosted elfin (Callophrys irus)

Sandia hairstreak (Callophrys mcfarlandi)

Eastern pine elfin (Callophrys niphon)

Red-banded hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops)

Spring azure (Celastrina ladon)

Summer azure (Celastrina neglecta)

Silver-banded hairstreak (Chlorostrymon simaethis)

Eastern tailed-blue (Cupido comyntas)

Rita blue (Euphilotes rita)

Harvester (Feniseca tarquinius)

Glaucopsyche lygdamus (Glaucopsyche lygamus)

Ceraunus blue (Hemiargus ceraunus)

Reakirt’s blue (Hemiargus isola)

Colorado hairstreak butterfly (Hypaurotis crysalus)

Cassius blue (Leptotes cassius)

Marine blue (Leptotes marina)

Melissa blue (Lycaeides melissa)

Gray copper (Lycaena dione)

Gray ministreak (Ministrymon azia)

Clytie hairstreak (Ministrymon clytie)

Vicroy’s ministreak (Ministrymon janevicroy)

White m hairstreak (Parrhasius m-album)

Marius hairstreak (Rekoa marius)

Gold-bordered hairstreak (Rekoa palegon)

Banded hairstreak (Satyrium calanus)

Edwards’ hairstreak (Satyrium edwardsii)

Oak hairstreak (Satyrium favonius)

Striped hairstreak (Satyrium liparops)

Coral hairstreak (Satyrium titus)

Pearly-gray hairstreak (Strephonota tephraeus)

White hairstreak (Strymon albata)

Lantana scrub-hairstreak (Strymon bazochii)

Mallow hairstreak (Strymon istapa)

Gray hairstreak (Strymon melinus)

Red-spotted hairstreak (Tmolus echion)

Zizula cyna (Zizula cyna)

Four-footed butterflies

Four-footed butterflies intro

Bredow’s sister (Adelpha bredowii)

Band-celled sister (Adelpha fessonia)

Gulf fritillary (Agraulis vanillae)

Florida leafwing, portia (Anaea troglodyta)

Banded peacock (Anartia fatima)

White peacock (Anartia jatrophae)

Cuban crescentspot (Anthanassa frisia)

Texan crescent (Anthanassa texana)

Hackberry emperor (Asterocampa celtis)

Tawny emperor (Asterocampa clyton)

Empress leilia (Asterocampa leilia)

Red rim (Biblis hyperia)

Common wood-nymph (Cercyonis pegala)

Sagebrush checkerspot (Chlosyne acastus)

Gorgone checkerspot (Chlosyne gorgone)

Crimson patch (Chlosyne janais)

Bordered patch (Chlosyne lacinia)

Red-spotted patch (Chlosyne marina)

Silvery checkerspot (Chlosyne nycteis)

Rosita patch (Chlosyne rosita)

Gemmed satyr (Cyllopsis gemma)

Soldier (Danaus eresimus)

Queen butterfly (Danaus gilippus)

Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus)

Anna’s eighty-eight (Diaethria anna)

Mexican silverspot (Dione moneta)

Silver emperor (Doxocopa laure)

Pavon emperor (Doxocopa pavon)

Banded orange heliconian (Dryadula phaetusa)

Julia butterfly (Dryas iulia)

Northern pearly-eye (Enodia anthedon)

Southern pearly eye (Enodia portlandia)

Isabella’s longwing (Eueides isabella)

Variable checkerspot (Euphydryas chalcedona)

Baltimore checkerspot (Euphydryas phaeton)

Variegated fritillary (Euptoieta claudia)

Mexican fritillary (Euptoieta hegesia)

Red cracker (Hamadryas amphinome)

Gray cracker (Hamadryas februa)

Variable cracker (Hamadryas feronia)

Guatemalan cracker (Hamadryas guatemalena)

Zebra longwing (Heliconius charithonia)

Red postman (Heliconius erato)

Carolina satyr (Hermeuptychia sosybius)

Danaid eggfly (Hypolimnas misippus)

Common buckeye (Junonia coenia)

Mangrove buckeye (Junonia genoveva)

American snout butterfly (Libytheana carinenta)

Viceroy (Limenitis archippus)

Red-spotted purple (Limenitis arthemis)

Weidemeyer’s admiral (Limenitis weidemeyerii)

Ruddy daggerwing (Marpesia petreus)

Little wood satyr (Megisto cymela)

Mestra (Mestra dorcas)

Elf (Microtia elva)

Mexican bluewing (Myscelia ethusa)

Mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa)

Scarce bamboo page (Philaethria dido)

Mylitta crescent (Phyciodes mylitta)

Phaon crescent (Phyciodes phaon)

Pearl crescent (Phyciodes tharos)

Eastern comma (Polygonia comma)

Question mark (Polygonia interrogationis)

Rusty-tipped page (Siproeta epaphus)

Malachite (Siproeta stelenes)

Blomfild’s beauty (Smyrna blomfildia)

Great spangled fritillary (Speyeria cybele)

Elada checkerspot (Texola elada)

West Coast lady (Vanessa annabella)

Red admiral (Vanessa atalanta)

Painted lady (Vanessa cardui)

American painted lady (Vanessa virginiensis)

Swallowtail butterflies

Swallowtail butterflies intro

Blue swallowtail (Battus philenor)

Gold rim swallowtail (Battus polydamas)

Ruby-spotted swallowtail (Papilio anchisiades)

Broad-banded swallowtail (Papilio astyalus)

Giant swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes)

Eastern tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)

Two-tailed swallowtai (Papilio multicaudata)

Palamedes swallowtail (Papilio palamedes)

Black swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes)

Western tiger swallowtail (Papilio rutulus)

King swallowtail (Papilio thoas)

Spicebush swallowtail (Papilio troilus)

Mylotes cattleheart (Parides eurimedes)

Zebra swallowtail (Protographium marcellus)

Dark zebra swallowtail (Protographium philolaus)

Whites and sulphurs

Whites and sulphurs intro

White angled-sulphur (Anteos clorinde)

Angled sulphur (Anteos maerula)

Desert orangetip (Anthocharis cethura)

Falcate orangetip (Anthocharis midea)

Florida white (Appias drusilla)

Great southern white (Ascia monuste)

Pine white (Catasticta nimbice)

Orange sulphur (Colias eurytheme)

Common sulphur (Colias philodice)

Olympia marble (Euchloe olympia)

Ghost yellow (Eurema albula)

Fairy yellow (Eurema daira)

Little yellow (Eurema lisa)

Sleepy orange (Eurema nicippe)

Tailed orange (Eurema proterpia)

Giant white (Ganyra josephina)

Lyside sulphur (Kricogonia lyside)

Common green-eyed white (Leptophobia aripa)

Dainty sulphur (Nathalis iole)

Orange giant sulphur (Phoebis agarithe)

Apricot sulphur (Phoebis argante)

Phoebis philea (Phoebis philea)

Cloudless sulphur (Phoebis sennae)

Small white (Pieris rapae)

Checkered white (Pontia protodice)

Mimosa yellow (Pyrisitia nise)

Southern dogface (Zerene cesonia)

Metalmark butterflies

Metalmark butterflies intro

Palmer’s metalmark (Apodemia palmeri)

Fatal metalmark (Calephelis nemesis)

Blue metalmark (Lasaia sula)

Mantises

Mantises intro

European mantis (Mantis religiosa)

Carolina mantis (Stagmomantis carolina)

Stick insects

Common walkingstick (Diapheromera femorata)

Two-striped walkingstick (Anisomorpha buprestoides)

Fish

Fish intro

Eels

Blacktail moray eel (Gymnothorax kolpos)

Silversides

Inland silverside (Menidia beryllina)

Lizardfishes and allies

Inshore lizardfish (Synodus foetens)

Toadfish

Gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta)

Needlefish, flyingfish, ...

Atlantic needlefish (Strongylura marina)

Atlantic flyingfish (Cheilopogon melanurus)

American halfbeak (Hyporhamphus meeki)

Herrings and allies

Gulf menhaden (Brevoortia patronus)

Threadfin shad (Dorosoma petenense)

Atlantic thread herring (Opisthonema oglinum)

Broad-striped anchovy (Anchoa hepsetus)

Shortfinger anchovy (Anchoa lyolepis)

Carps, minnows, and allies

Smallmouth buffalo (Ictiobus bubalus)

Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella)

Common carp (Cyprinus carpio)

Toothcarps

Longnose killifish (Fundulus similis)

Rainwater killifish (Lucania parva)

Tarpons, tenpounders, ...

Ladyfish (Elops saurus)

Atlantic tarpon (Megalops atlanticus)

Clingfish

Skilletfish (Gobiesox strumosus)

Gars

Alligator gar (Atractosteus spatula)

Spotted gar (Lepisosteus oculatus)

Longnose gar (Lepisosteus osseus)

Anglerfishes

Sargassum fish (Histrio histrio)

Mullets

Flathead gray mullet (Mugil cephalus)

Cusk eels, pearlfish, ...

Ophidion josephi (Ophidion josephi)

Jacks and allies

Black jack (Caranx lugubris)

Atlantic bumper (Chloroscombrus chrysurus)

Bluntnose jack (Hemicaranx amblyrhynchus)

Leatherjacket fish (Oligoplites saurus)

Lookdown (Selene vomer)

Greater amberjack (Seriola dumerili)

Florida pompano (Trachinotus carolinus)

Rough scad (Trachurus lathami)

Sunfish

Warmouth (Lepomis gulosus)

Guadalupe bass (Micropterus treculii)

Snooks

Fat snook (Centropomus parallelus)

Butterflyfish

Spotfin butterflyfish (Chaetodon ocellatus)

Batfish

Atlantic spadefish (Chaetodipterus faber)

Snappers

Mangrove snapper (Lutjanus griseus)

Lane snapper (Lutjanus synagris)

Vermilion snapper (Rhomboplites aurorubens)

Tilefish

Great northern tilefish (Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps)

Temperate basses

Striped bass (Morone saxatilis)

Threadfins

Atlantic threadfin (Polydactylus octonemus)

Marine angelfish

Bermuda blue angelfish (Holacanthus bermudensis)

French angelfish (Pomacanthus paru)

Damselfish and clownfish

Sergeant major (Abudefduf saxatilis)

Drums

American silver perch (Bairdiella chrysoura)

Sand seatrout (Cynoscion arenarius)

Spot (Leiostomus xanthurus)

Black drum (Pogonias cromis)

Red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus)

Mackerels and tunas

Atlantic Spanish mackerel (Scomberomorus maculatus)

Blackfin tuna (Thunnus atlanticus)

Sea basses and groupers

Marbled grouper (Dermatolepis inermis)

Scamp grouper (Mycteroperca phenax)

Belted sandfish (Serranus subligarius)

Sea breams

Sheepshead (Archosargus probatocephalus)

Pinfish (Lagodon rhomboides)

Red porgy (Pagrus pagrus)

Barracudas

Great barracuda (Sphyraena barracuda)

Butterfish

Gulf butterfish (Peprilus burti)

Harvestfish (Peprilus paru)

Cutlassfish

Largehead hairtail (Trichiurus lepturus)

Flatfish

Hogchoker (Trinectes maculatus)

Twospot flounder (Bothus robinsi)

Gulf of Mexico ocellated flounder (Ancylopsetta ommata)

Bay whiff (Citharicthys spilopterus)

Southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma)

Mail-cheeked fish

Red lionfish (Pterois volitans)

Blackbelly rosefish (Helicolenus dactylopterus)

Catfish

Blue catfish (Ictalurus furcatus)

Seahorses and allies

Red cornetfish (Fistularia petimba)

Lined seahorse (Hippocampus erectus)

Molas and allies

Gray triggerfish (Balistes capriscus)

Striped burrfish (Chilomycterus schoepfi)

Planehead filefish (Stephanolepis hispidus)

Least puffer (Sphoeroides parvus)

Sharks and allies

Sharks

Spinner shark (Carcharhinus brevipinna)

Bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas)

Blacktip shark (Carcharhinus limbatus)

Dusky shark (Carcharhinus obscurus)

Sandbar shark (Carcharhinus plumbeus)

Lemon shark (Negaprion brevirostris)

Scalloped hammerhead (Sphyrna lewini)

Bonnethead (Sphyrna tiburo)

Dusky smooth-hound (Mustelus canis)

Nurse shark (Ginglymostoma cirratum)

Whale shark (Rhincodon typus)

Cuban dogfish (Squalus cubensis)

Rays

Atlantic stingray (Dasyatis sabina)

Bluntnose stingray (Dasyatis say)

Smooth butterfly ray (Gymnura micrura)

Cownose ray (Rhinoptera bonasus)

Roundel skate (Raja texana)

Lesser electric ray (Narcine bancroftii)

Amphibians

Amphibians intro

Frogs

True frogs

Crawfish frog (Rana areolata)

Rio Grande leopard frog (Rana berlandieri)

American bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)

Bronze frog (Rana clamitans)

Pig frog (Rana grylio)

Pickerel frog (Rana palustris)

Southern leopard frog (Rana sphenocephala)

Tree frogs

Northern cricket frog (Acris crepitans)

Canyon tree frog (Hyla arenicolor)

Cope’s gray tree frog (Hyla chrysoscelis)

American green tree frog (Hyla cinerea)

Squirrel tree frog (Hyla squirella)

Gray tree frog (Hyla versicolor)

Spring peeper (Pseudacris crucifer)

Upland chorus frog (Pseudacris feriarum)

Strecker’s chorus frog (Pseudacris streckeri)

Common Mexican tree frog (Smilisca baudinii)

Rain frogs

Spotted chirping frog (Eleutherodactylus guttilatus)

Cliff chirping frog (Eleutherodactylus marnockii)

Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides (Syrrhopus cystignathoides)

Southern frogs

Mexican white-lipped frog (Leptodactylus fragilis)

Narrow-mouthed frogs

Eastern narrow-mouthed toad (Gastrophryne carolinensis)

Great Plains narrow-mouthed toad (Gastrophryne olivacea)

Mexican narrow-mouthed toad (Hypopachus variolosus)

Toads

True toads

Red-spotted toad (Bufo punctatus)

American toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

Great Plains toad (Anaxyrus cognatus)

Green toad (Anaxyrus debilis)

Texas toad (Anaxyrus speciosus)

Woodhouse’s toad (Anaxyrus woodhousii)

Houston toad (Bufo houstonensis)

Gulf Coast toad (Incilius valliceps)

Cane toad (Rhinella marinus)

Spadefoot toads

Couch’s spadefoot toad (Scaphiopus couchii)

Hurter’s spadefoot toad (Scaphiopus hurterii)

Plains spadefoot toad (Spea bombifrons)

New Mexico spadefoot toad (Spea multiplicata)

Mexican burrowing toad (Rhinophrynus dorsalis)

Salamanders

True salamanders

Eastern newt (Notophthalmus viridescens)

Mole salamanders

Spotted salamander (Ambystoma maculatum)

Barred tiger salamander (Ambystoma mavortium)

Marbled salamander (Ambystoma opacum)

Mole salamander (Ambystoma talpoideum)

Small-mouth salamander (Ambystoma texanum)

Lungless salamanders

San Marcos salamander (Eurycea nana)

Dwarf salamander (Eurycea quadridigitata)

Texas blind salamander (Eurycea rathbuni)

Western slimy salamander (Plethodon albagula)

Northern slimy salamander (Plethodon glutinosus)

Southern red-backed salamander (Plethodon serratus)

Southern dusky salamander (Desmognathus auriculatus)

Conger eels

Three-toed amphiuma (Amphiuma tridactylum)

Sirens

Lesser siren (Siren intermedia)

Reptiles

Reptiles intro

Lizards

Lizards intro

Texas alligator lizard (Gerrhonotus infernalis)

Slender glass lizard (Ophisaurus attenuatus)

Greater earless lizard (Cophosaurus texanus)

Speckled earless lizard (Holbrookia maculata)

Texas horned lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum)

Pygmy short-horned lizard (Phrynosoma douglasii)

Roundtail horned lizard (Phrynosoma modestum)

Sagebrush lizard (Sceloporus graciosus)

Mesquite lizard (Sceloporus grammicus)

Desert spiny lizard (Sceloporus magister)

Texas spiny lizard (Sceloporus olivaceus)

Crevice spiny lizard (Sceloporus poinsettii)

Blue spiny lizard (Sceloporus serrifer)

Rosebelly lizard (Sceloporus variabilis)

Common side-blotched lizard (Uta stansburiana)

Six-lined racerunner (Aspidoscelis sexlineata)

Desert grassland whiptail lizard (Aspidoscelis uniparens)

Chihuahuan spotted whiptail (Cnemidophorus exsanguis)

Texas spotted whiptail (Cnemidophorus gularis)

Little striped whiptail (Cnemidophorus inornatus)

New Mexico whiptail (Cnemidophorus neomexicanus)

Common checkered whiptail (Cnemidophorus tesselatus)

Common collared lizard (Crotaphytus collaris)

Long-nosed leopard lizard (Gambelia wislizenii)

Carolina anole (Anolis carolinensis)

Brown anole (Anolis sagrei)

Skinks

Skinks intro

Five-lined skink (Plestiodon fasciatus)

Broadhead skink (Plestiodon laticeps)

Ground skink (Scincella lateralis)

Geckos

Geckos intro

Texas banded gecko (Coleonyx brevis)

Rough-tailed gecko (Cyrtopodion scabrum)

Common house gecko (Hemidactylus frenatus)

Mediterranean house gecko (Hemidactylus turcicus)

Snakes

Snakes intro

Trans-pecos rat snake (Bogertophis subocularis)

Scarlet snake (Cemophora coccinea)

Eastern racer (Coluber constrictor)

Ringneck snake (Diadophis punctatus)

Drymarchon melanurus erebennus (Drymarchon melanurus)

Speckled racer (Drymobius margaritiferus)

Texas rat snake (Elaphe obsoleta)

Mud snake (Farancia abacura)

Western hognose snake (Heterodon nasicus)

Eastern hognose snake (Heterodon platirhinos)

Texas night snake (Hypsiglena torquata)

Gray-banded kingsnake (Lampropeltis alterna)

Prairie kingsnake (Lampropeltis calligaster)

Desert kingsnake (Lampropeltis getula)

Eastern coachwhip (Masticophis flagellum)

Salt marsh snake (Nerodia clarkii)

Green water snake (Nerodia cyclopion)

Plain-bellied water snake (Nerodia erythrogaster)

Florida banded water snake (Nerodia fasciata)

Diamondback water snake (Nerodia rhombifer)

Rough green snake (Opheodrys aestivus)

Smooth green snake (Opheodrys vernalis)

Baird’s rat snake (Pantherophis bairdi)

Corn snake (Pantherophis guttatus)

Western rat snake (Pantherophis obsoletus)

Gopher snake (Pituophis catenifer)

Louisiana pinesnake (Pituophis ruthveni)

Graham’s crayfish snake (Regina grahamii)

Gulf crayfish snake (Regina rigida)

Long-nosed snake (Rhinocheilus lecontei)

Texas brown snake (Storeria dekayi)

Redbelly snake (Storeria occipitomaculata)

Blackneck garter snake (Thamnophis cyrtopsis)

Checkered garter snake (Thamnophis marcianus)

Redstripe ribbon snake (Thamnophis proximus)

Plains garter snake (Thamnophis radix)

Texas garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis)

Texas lyre snake (Trimorphodon biscutatus vilkinsonii)

Texas lined snake (Tropidoclonion lineatum)

Rough earth snake (Virginia striatula)

Texas coral snake (Micrurus tener)

New Mexico blind snake (Leptotyphlops dulcis)

Broad-banded copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix)

Western cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus)

Western diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox)

Timber rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus)

Banded rock rattlesnake (Crotalus lepidus)

Black-tailed rattlesnake (Crotalus molossus)

Mojave rattlesnake (Crotalus scutulatus)

Prairie rattlesnake (Crotalus viridis)

Desert massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus)

Western pigmy rattlesnake (Sistrurus miliarius streckeri)

Iguanas

Mexican spinytail iguana (Ctenosaura pectinata)

Green iguana (Iguana iguana)

American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis)

Turtles

Turtles intro

Sea turtles

Loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta)

Green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas)

Hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata)

Kemp’s ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys kempii)

Leatherback sea turtle (Dermochelys coriacea)

Common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina)

Alligator snapping turtle (Macrochelys temminckii)

Pond turtles

Painted turtle (Chrysemys picta)

Chicken turtle (Deirochelys reticularia)

Cagle’s map turtle (Graptemys caglei)

Ouachita map turtle (Graptemys ouachitensis)

False map turtle (Graptemys pseudogeographica)

Texas map turtle (Graptemys versa)

Diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin)

Eastern river cooter (Pseudemys concinna)

Texas river cooter (Pseudemys texana)

Eastern box turtle (Terrapene carolina)

Desert box turtle (Terrapene ornata)

Big Bend slider (Trachemys gaigeae)

Red-eared slider (Trachemys scripta)

Yellow mud turtle (Kinosternon flavescens)

Razor-backed musk turtle (Sternotherus carinatus)

Common musk turtle (Sternotherus odoratus)

Spiny softshell turtle (Apalone spinifera)

Texas tortoise (Gopherus berlandieri)

Birds

Birds intro

Sexual dimorphism

Ducks, geese, and swans

Ducks intro

Wood duck (Aix sponsa)

Northern pintail (Anas acuta)

American wigeon (Anas americana)

White-cheeked pintail (Anas bahamensis)

Green-winged teal (Anas carolinensis)

Northern shoveler (Anas clypeata)

Cinnamon teal (Anas cyanoptera)

Blue-winged teal (Anas discors)

Mottled duck (Anas fulvigula)

Eurasian wigeon (Anas penelope)

Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)

Garganey (Anas querquedula)

American black duck (Anas rubripes)

Gadwall (Anas strepera)

Greater white-fronted goose (Anser albifrons)

Lesser scaup (Aythya affinis)

Redhead (Aythya americana)

Ring-necked duck (Aythya collaris)

Greater scaup (Aythya marila)

Canvasback (Aythya valisineria)

Brant goose (Branta bernicla)

Canada goose (Branta canadensis)

Cackling goose (Branta hutchinsii)

Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola)

Common goldeneye (Bucephala clangula)

Barrow’s goldeneye (Bucephala islandica)

Muscovy duck (Cairina moschata)

Snow goose (Chen caerulescens)

Ross’s goose (Chen rossii)

Long-tailed duck (Clangula hyemalis)

Trumpeter swan (Cygnus buccinator)

Tundra swan (Cygnus columbianus)

Black-bellied whistling duck (Dendrocygna autumnalis)

Fulvous whistling duck (Dendrocygna bicolor)

Harlequin duck (Histrionicus histrionicus)

Hooded merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus)

Black scoter (Melanitta americana)

White-winged scoter (Melanitta deglandi)

Surf scoter (Melanitta perspicillata)

Common merganser (Mergus merganser)

Red-breasted merganser (Mergus serrator)

Masked duck (Nomonyx dominicus)

Ruddy duck (Oxyura jamaicensis)

Common eider (Somateria mollissima)

King eider (Somateria spectibilis)

Swifts

White-throated swift (Aeronautes saxatalis)

Chimney swift (Chaetura pelagica)

White-collared swift (Streptoprocne zonaris)

Nightjars and nighthawks

Chuck-will’s-widow (Antrostomus carolinensis)

Eastern whip-poor-will (Antrostomus vociferus)

Lesser nighthawk (Chordeiles acutipennis)

Common nighthawk (Chordeiles minor)

Pauraque (Nyctidromus albicollis)

Common poorwill (Phalaenoptilus nuttallii)

Vultures

Turkey vulture (Cathartes aura)

Black vulture (Coragyps atratus)

Stone-curlews

Double-striped thick-knee (Burhinus bistriatus)

Plovers and allies

Collared plover (Charadrius collaris)

Piping plover (Charadrius melodus)

Mountain plover (Charadrius montanus)

Snowy plover (Charadrius nivosus)

Semipalmated plover (Charadrius semipalmatus)

Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

Wilson’s plover (Charadrius wilsonia)

American golden plover (Pluvialis dominica)

Pacific golden plover (Pluvialis fulva)

Gray plover (Pluvialis squatarola)

Oystercatchers

American oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus)

Jacanas

Northern jacana (Jacana spinosa)

Gulls

Gulls intro

Bonaparte’s gull (Chroicocephalus philadelphia)

Black-headed gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus)

Little gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus)

California gull (Larus californicus)

Common gull (Larus canus)

Black-tailed gull (Larus crassirostris)

Ring-billed gull (Larus delawarensis)

Kelp gull (Larus dominicanus)

Lesser black-backed gull (Larus fuscus)

Glaucous-winged gull (Larus glaucescens)

Iceland gull (Larus glaucoides)

Heermann’s gull (Larus heermanni)

Glaucous gull (Larus hyperboreus)

Great black-backed gull (Larus marinus)

Yellow-legged gull (Larus michahellis)

Western gull (Larus occidentalis)

Slaty-backed gull (Larus schistisagus)

American herring gull (Larus smithsonianus)

Thayer’s gull (Larus thayeri)

Laughing gull (Leucophaeus atricilla)

Franklin’s gull (Leucophaeus pipixcan)

Black-legged kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla)

Sabine’s gull (Xema sabini)

Avocets and stilts

Black-necked stilt (Himantopus mexicanus)

American avocet (Recurvirostra americana)

Skimmers

Black skimmer (Rynchops niger)

Sandpipers and allies

Spotted sandpiper (Actitis macularius)

Surfbird (Aphriza virgata)

Ruddy turnstone (Arenaria interpres)

Upland sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda)

Sharp-tailed sandpiper (Calidris acuminata)

Sanderling (Calidris alba)

Dunlin (Calidris alpina)

Baird’s sandpiper (Calidris bairdii)

Red knot (Calidris canutus)

Curlew sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea)

White-rumped sandpiper (Calidris fuscicollis)

Stilt sandpiper (Calidris himantopus)

Purple sandpiper (Calidris maritima)

Western sandpiper (Calidris mauri)

Pectoral sandpiper (Calidris melanotos)

Least sandpiper (Calidris minutilla)

Semipalmated sandpiper (Calidris pusilla)

Red-necked stint (Calidris ruficollis)

Wilson’s snipe (Gallinago delicata)

Short-billed dowitcher (Limnodromus griseus)

Long-billed dowitcher (Limnodromus scolopaceus)

Marbled godwit (Limosa fedoa)

Hudsonian godwit (Limosa haemastica)

Long-billed curlew (Numenius americanus)

Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus)

Red phalarope (Phalaropus fulicarius)

Red-necked phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus)

Wilson’s phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor)

Ruff (Philomachus pugnax)

American woodcock (Scolopax minor)

Spotted redshank (Tringa erythropus)

Lesser yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes)

Wandering tattler (Tringa incana)

Greater yellowlegs (Tringa melanoleuca)

Willet (Tringa semipalmata)

Solitary sandpiper (Tringa solitaria)

Buff-breasted sandpiper (Tryngites subruficollis)

Skuas and jaegers

Long-tailed jaeger (Stercorarius longicaudus)

South polar skua (Stercorarius maccormicki)

Parasitic jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus)

Pomarine jaeger (Stercorarius pomarinus)

Terns

Terns intro

Black noddy (Anous minutus)

Brown noddy (Anous stolidus)

Black tern (Chlidonias niger)

Gull-billed tern (Gelochelidon nilotica)

Caspian tern (Hydroprogne caspia)

Bridled tern (Onychoprion anaethetus)

Sooty tern (Onychoprion fuscatus)

Roseate tern (Sterna dougallii)

Forster’s tern (Sterna forsteri)

Common tern (Sterna hirundo)

Arctic tern (Sterna paradisaea)

Least tern (Sternula antillarum)

Elegant tern (Thalasseus elegans)

Royal tern (Thalasseus maximus)

Sandwich tern (Thalasseus sandvicensis)

Storks and allies

Jabiru (Jabiru mycteria)

Wood stork (Mycteria americana)

White-faced ibis (Plegadis chihi)

Pigeons and doves

Rock dove (Columba livia)

Inca dove (Columbina inca)

Common ground dove (Columbina passerina)

Ruddy ground dove (Columbina talpacoti)

Ruddy quail-dove (Geotrygon montana)

White-tipped dove (Leptotila verreauxi)

Band-tailed pigeon (Patagioenas fasciata)

Red-billed pigeon (Patagioenas flavirostris)

Eurasian collared dove (Streptopelia decaocto)

White-winged dove (Zenaida asiatica)

Mourning dove (Zenaida macroura)

Water kingfishers

Amazon kingfisher (Chloroceryle amazona)

Green kingfisher (Chloroceryle americana)

Belted kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon)

Ringed kingfisher (Megaceryle torquata)

Cuckoos and allies

Yellow-billed cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus)

Black-billed cuckoo (Coccyzus erythropthalmus)

Dark-billed cuckoo (Coccyzus melacoryphus)

Mangrove cuckoo (Coccyzus minor)

Groove-billed ani (Crotophaga sulcirostris)

Greater roadrunner (Geococcyx californianus)

Hawks, eagles, and kites

Cooper’s hawk (Accipiter cooperii)

Northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis)

Sharp-shinned hawk (Accipiter striatus)

Golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)

Red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)

Gray hawk (Buteo plagiatus)

Broad-winged hawk (Buteo platypterus)

Ferruginous hawk (Buteo regalis)

Hook-billed kite (Chondrohierax uncinatus)

Hen harrier (Circus cyaneus)

Swallow-tailed kite (Elanoides forficatus)

White-tailed kite (Elanus leucurus)

White-tailed hawk (Geranoaetus albicaudatus)

Crane hawk (Geranospiza caerulescens)

Bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)

Double-toothed kite (Harpagus bidentatus)

Mississippi kite (Ictinia mississippiensis)

Harris’s hawk (Parabuteo unicinctus)

Snail kite (Rostrhamus sociabilis)

Roadside hawk (Rupornis magnirostris)

Zone-tailed hawk (Buteo albonotatus)

Short-tailed hawk (Buteo brachyurus)

Rough-legged buzzard (Buteo lagopus)

Red-shouldered hawk (Buteo lineatus)

Swainson’s hawk (Buteo swainsoni)

Common black hawk (Buteogallus anthracinus)

Falcons and caracaras

Northern crested caracara (Caracara cheriway)

Merlin (Falco columbarius)

Aplomado falcon (Falco femoralis)

Prairie falcon (Falco mexicanus)

Peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus)

Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus)

American kestrel (Falco sparverius)

Collared forest falcon (Micrastur semitorquatus)

Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)

Fowl

Plain chachalaca (Ortalis vetula)

Gambel’s quail (Callipepla gambelii)

Scaled quail (Callipepla squamata)

Northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus)

Montezuma quail (Cyrtonyx montezumae)

Wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)

Common pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

Greater prairie chicken (Tympanuchus cupido)

Lesser prairie chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus)

Loons

Yellow-billed loon (Gavia adamsii)

Great northern loon (Gavia immer)

Pacific loon (Gavia pacifica)

Red-throated loon (Gavia stellata)

Cranes

Whooping crane (Grus americana)

Sandhill crane (Grus canadensis)

Rails and allies

Yellow rail (Coturnicops noveboracensis)

American coot (Fulica americana)

Common gallinule (Gallinula galeata)

Black rail (Laterallus jamaicensis)

Spotted rail (Pardirallus maculatus)

American purple gallinule (Porphyrio martinicus)

Sora (Porzana carolina)

Clapper rail (Rallus crepitans)

King rail (Rallus elegans)

Virginia rail (Rallus limicola)

Perching birds

Bushtit (Psaltriparus minimus)

Larks

Larks intro

Horned lark (Eremophila alpestris)

Waxwings

Cedar waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum)

Bohemian waxwing (Bombycilla garrulus)

Longspurs and snow buntings

Lapland longspur (Calcarius lapponicus)

Chestnut-collared longspur (Calcarius ornatus)

Smith’s longspur (Calcarius pictus)

Snow bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis)

McCown’s longspur (Rhynchophanes mccownii)

Cardinals and allies

Northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)

Pyrrhuloxia (Cardinalis sinuatus)

Blue bunting (Cyanocompsa parellina)

Lazuli bunting (Passerina amoena)

Blue grosbeak (Passerina caerulea)

Painted bunting (Passerina ciris)

Indigo bunting (Passerina cyanea)

Varied bunting (Passerina versicolor)

Rose-breasted grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus)

Black-headed grosbeak (Pheucticus melanocephalus)

Flame-colored tanager (Piranga bidentata)

Hepatic tanager (Piranga flava)

Western tanager (Piranga ludoviciana)

Scarlet tanager (Piranga olivacea)

Summer tanager (Piranga rubra)

Crimson-collared grosbeak (Rhodothraupis celaeno)

Dickcissel (Spiza americana)

Brown creeper (Certhia americana)

American dipper (Cinclus mexicanus)

Crows and allies

Western scrub jay (Aphelocoma californica)

Mexican jay (Aphelocoma wollweberi)

American crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

Common raven (Corvus corax)

Chihuahuan raven (Corvus cryptoleucus)

Tamaulipas crow (Corvus imparatus)

Fish crow (Corvus ossifragus)

Blue jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Steller’s jay (Cyanocitta stelleri)

Green jay (Cyanocorax yncas)

Pinyon jay (Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus)

Clark’s nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana)

Black-billed magpie (Pica hudsonia)

Brown jay (Psilorhinus morio)

Sparrows and allies

Rufous-crowned sparrow (Aimophila ruficeps)

Baird’s sparrow (Ammodramus bairdii)

Henslow’s sparrow (Ammodramus henslowii)

Le Conte’s sparrow (Ammodramus leconteii)

Seaside sparrow (Ammodramus maritimus)

Nelson’s sparrow (Ammodramus nelsoni)

Grasshopper sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum)

Black-throated sparrow (Amphispiza bilineata)

Olive sparrow (Arremonops rufivirgatus)

Sagebrush sparrow (Artemisiospiza nevadensis)

Lark bunting (Calamospiza melanocorys)

Lark sparrow (Chondestes grammacus)

Dark-eyed junco (Junco hyemalis)

Yellow-eyed junco (Junco phaeonotus)

Swamp sparrow (Melospiza georgiana)

Lincoln’s sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii)

Song sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Canyon towhee (Melozone fusca)

Savannah sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis)

Fox sparrow (Passerella iliaca)

Bachman’s sparrow (Peucaea aestivalis)

Botteri’s sparrow (Peucaea botterii)

Cassin’s sparrow (Peucaea cassinii)

Green-tailed towhee (Pipilo chlorurus)

Eastern towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus)

Spotted towhee (Pipilo maculatus)

Vesper sparrow (Pooecetes gramineus)

Black-chinned sparrow (Spizella atrogularis)

Brewer’s sparrow (Spizella breweri)

Clay-colored sparrow (Spizella pallida)

Chipping sparrow (Spizella passerina)

Field sparrow (Spizella pusilla)

American tree sparrow (Spizelloides arborea)

White-throated sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis)

Golden-crowned sparrow (Zonotrichia atricapilla)

White-crowned sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys)

Harris’s sparrow (Zonotrichia querula)

True finches

Common redpoll (Acanthis flammea)

Cassin’s finch (Haemorhous cassinii)

House finch (Haemorhous mexicanus)

Purple finch (Haemorhous purpureus)

Evening grosbeak (Hesperiphona vespertina)

Red crossbill (Loxia curvirostra)

Two-barred crossbill (Loxia leucoptera)

Pine grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator)

Lawrence’s goldfinch (Spinus lawrencei)

Pine siskin (Spinus pinus)

Lesser goldfinch (Spinus psaltria)

American goldfinch (Spinus tristis)

Swallows

Swallows intro

Barn swallow (Hirundo rustica)

Cave swallow (Petrochelidon fulva)

Petrochelidon (Petrochelidon swallow)

Gray-breasted martin (Progne chalybea)

Purple martin (Progne subis)

Sand martin (Riparia riparia)

Northern rough-winged swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis)

Tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)

Violet-green swallow (Tachycineta thalassina)

Blackbirds and allies

Red-winged blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus)

Rusty blackbird (Euphagus carolinus)

Brewer’s blackbird (Euphagus cyanocephalus)

Bullock’s oriole (Icterus bullockii)

Hooded oriole (Icterus cucullatus)

Baltimore oriole (Icterus galbula)

Altamira oriole (Icterus gularis)

Scott’s oriole (Icterus parisorum)

Streak-backed oriole (Icterus pustulatus)

Orchard oriole (Icterus spurius)

Black-vented oriole (Icterus wagleri)

Bronzed cowbird (Molothrus aeneus)

Brown-headed cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Shiny cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis)

Boat-tailed grackle (Quiscalus major)

Great-tailed grackle (Quiscalus mexicanus)

Common grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)

Western meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta)

Yellow-headed blackbird (Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus)

Yellow-breasted chat (Icteria virens)

Shrikes

Great gray shrike (Lanius excubitor)

Loggerhead shrike (Lanius ludovicianus)

Thrashers and mockingbirds

Gray catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

Black catbird (Melanoptila glabrirostris)

Blue mockingbird (Melanotis caerulescens)

Northern mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos)

Sage thrasher (Oreoscoptes montanus)

Crissal thrasher (Toxostoma crissale)

Curve-billed thrasher (Toxostoma curvirostre)

Long-billed thrasher (Toxostoma longirostre)

Brown thrasher (Toxostoma rufum)

Wagtails and pipits

Buff-bellied pipit (Anthus rubescens)

Sprague’s pipit (Anthus spragueii)

Flycatchers and allies

White-throated robin (Irania gutturalis)

Northern wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe)

Chickadees and titmice

Black-crested titmouse (Baeolophus atricristatus)

Tufted titmouse (Baeolophus bicolor)

Juniper titmouse (Baeolophus ridgwayi)

Black-capped chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Carolina chickadee (Poecile carolinensis)

Mountain chickadee (Poecile gambeli)

Wood-warblers

Golden-crowned warbler (Basileuterus culicivorus)

Fan-tailed warbler (Basileuterus lachrymosus)

Rufous-capped warbler (Basileuterus rufifrons)

Canada warbler (Cardellina canadensis)

Wilson’s warbler (Cardellina pusilla)

Red-faced warbler (Cardellina rubrifrons)

Kentucky warbler (Geothlypis formosa)

Mourning warbler (Geothlypis philadelphia)

Gray-crowned yellowthroat (Geothlypis poliocephala)

MacGillivray’s warbler (Geothlypis tolmiei)

Common yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

Worm-eating warbler (Helmitheros vermivorum)

Swainson’s warbler (Limnothlypis swainsonii)

Black-and-white warbler (Mniotilta varia)

Slate-throated whitestart (Myioborus miniatus)

Painted whitestart (Myioborus pictus)

Connecticut warbler (Oporornis agilis)

Orange-crowned warbler (Oreothlypis celata)

Lucy’s warbler (Oreothlypis luciae)

Tennessee warbler (Oreothlypis peregrina)

Nashville warbler (Oreothlypis ruficapilla)

Virginia’s warbler (Oreothlypis virginiae)

Louisiana waterthrush (Parkesia motacilla)

Northern waterthrush (Parkesia noveboracensis)

Prothonotary warbler (Protonotaria citrea)

Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla)

Northern parula (Setophaga americana)

Black-throated blue warbler (Setophaga caerulescens)

Bay-breasted warbler (Setophaga castanea)

Cerulean warbler (Setophaga cerulea)

Golden-cheeked warbler (Setophaga chrysoparia)

Hooded warbler (Setophaga citrina)

Yellow-rumped warbler (Setophaga coronata)

Prairie warbler (Setophaga discolor)

Yellow-throated warbler (Setophaga dominica)

Blackburnian warbler (Setophaga fusca)

Grace’s warbler (Setophaga graciae)

Magnolia warbler (Setophaga magnolia)

Black-throated gray warbler (Setophaga nigrescens)

Hermit warbler (Setophaga occidentalis)

Palm warbler (Setophaga palmarum)

Chestnut-sided warbler (Setophaga pensylvanica)

American yellow warbler (Setophaga petechia)

Pine warbler (Setophaga pinus)

Tropical parula (Setophaga pitiayumi)

American redstart (Setophaga ruticilla)

Blackpoll warbler (Setophaga striata)

Cape May warbler (Setophaga tigrina)

Townsend’s warbler (Setophaga townsendi)

Black-throated green warbler (Setophaga virens)

Golden-winged warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera)

Blue-winged warbler (Vermivora cyanoptera)

House sparrow (Passer domesticus)

Olive warbler (Peucedramus taeniatus)

Gnatcatchers

Blue-gray gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea)

Black-tailed gnatcatcher (Polioptila melanura)

Silky-flycatchers

Phainopepla (Phainopepla nitens)

Gray silky-flycatcher (Ptiliogonys cinereus)

Kinglets

Ruby-crowned kinglet (Regulus calendula)

Golden-crowned kinglet (Regulus satrapa)

Verdin (Auriparus flaviceps)

Nuthatches

Red-breasted nuthatch (Sitta canadensis)

White-breasted nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)

Brown-headed nuthatch (Sitta pusilla)

Pygmy nuthatch (Sitta pygmaea)

Common starling (Sturnus vulgaris)

Barred antshrike (Thamnophilus doliatus)

Tanagers

White-collared seedeater (Sporophila torqueola)

Yellow-faced grassquit (Tiaris olivaceus)

Tityras

Rose-throated becard (Pachyramphus aglaiae)

Masked tityra (Tityra semifasciata)

Wrens

Cactus wren (Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus)

Canyon wren (Catherpes mexicanus)

Marsh wren (Cistothorus palustris)

Sedge wren (Cistothorus platensis)

Rock wren (Salpinctes obsoletus)

Bewick’s wren (Thryomanes bewickii)

Carolina wren (Thryothorus ludovicianus)

House wren (Troglodytes aedon)

Winter wren (Troglodytes hiemalis)

Thrushes

Orange-billed nightingale-thrush (Catharus aurantiirostris)

Veery (Catharus fuscescens)

Hermit thrush (Catharus guttatus)

Black-headed nightingale-thrush (Catharus mexicanus)

Gray-cheeked thrush (Catharus minimus)

Swainson’s thrush (Catharus ustulatus)

Wood thrush (Hylocichla mustelina)

Varied thrush (Ixoreus naevius)

Townsend’s solitaire (Myadestes townsendi)

Aztec thrush (Ridgwayia pinicola)

Mountain bluebird (Sialia currucoides)

Western bluebird (Sialia mexicana)

Eastern bluebird (Sialia sialis)

Clay-colored thrush (Turdus grayi)

American robin (Turdus migratorius)

Rufous-backed thrush (Turdus rufopalliatus)

Tyrant flycatchers

Olive-sided flycatcher (Contopus cooperi)

Greater pewee (Contopus pertinax)

Western wood pewee (Contopus sordidulus)

Eastern wood pewee (Contopus virens)

White-crested elaenia (Elaenia albiceps)

Alder flycatcher (Empidonax alnorum)

Yellow-bellied flycatcher (Empidonax flaviventris)

Buff-breasted flycatcher (Empidonax fulvifrons)

Hammond’s flycatcher (Empidonax hammondii)

Least flycatcher (Empidonax minimus)

American dusky flycatcher (Empidonax oberholseri)

Cordilleran flycatcher (Empidonax occidentalis)

Willow flycatcher (Empidonax traillii)

Acadian flycatcher (Empidonax virescens)

American gray flycatcher (Empidonax wrightii)

Piratic flycatcher (Legatus leucophaius)

Northern tufted flycatcher (Mitrephanes phaeocercus)

Ash-throated flycatcher (Myiarchus cinerascens)

Great crested flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus)

Nutting’s flycatcher (Myiarchus nuttingi)

Dusky-capped flycatcher (Myiarchus tuberculifer)

Brown-crested flycatcher (Myiarchus tyrannulus)

Sulphur-bellied flycatcher (Myiodynastes luteiventris)

Greenish elaenia (Myiopagis viridicata)

Social flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis)

Great kiskadee (Pitangus sulphuratus)

Vermilion flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus)

Black phoebe (Sayornis nigricans)

Eastern phoebe (Sayornis phoebe)

Say’s phoebe (Sayornis saya)

Couch’s kingbird (Tyrannus couchii)

Thick-billed kingbird (Tyrannus crassirostris)

Gray kingbird (Tyrannus dominicensis)

Scissor-tailed flycatcher (Tyrannus forficatus)

Tropical kingbird (Tyrannus melancholicus)

Fork-tailed flycatcher (Tyrannus savana)

Eastern kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Western kingbird (Tyrannus verticalis)

Cassin’s kingbird (Tyrannus vociferans)

Vireos

Black-whiskered vireo (Vireo altiloquus)

Black-capped vireo (Vireo atricapilla)

Bell’s vireo (Vireo bellii)

Cassin’s vireo (Vireo cassinii)

Yellow-throated vireo (Vireo flavifrons)

Yellow-green vireo (Vireo flavoviridis)

Warbling vireo (Vireo gilvus)

White-eyed vireo (Vireo griseus)

Hutton’s vireo (Vireo huttoni)

Yucatan vireo (Vireo magister)

Red-eyed vireo (Vireo olivaceus)

Philadelphia vireo (Vireo philadelphicus)

Plumbeous vireo (Vireo plumbeus)

Blue-headed vireo (Vireo solitarius)

Gray vireo (Vireo vicinior)

Herons

Herons intro

Great egret (Ardea alba)

Great blue heron (Ardea herodias)

American bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus)

Cattle egret (Bubulcus ibis)

Green heron (Butorides virescens)

Little blue heron (Egretta caerulea)

Reddish egret (Egretta rufescens)

Snowy egret (Egretta thula)

Tricolored heron (Egretta tricolor)

Least bittern (Ixobrychus exilis)

Yellow-crowned night heron (Nyctanassa violacea)

Black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)

Bare-throated tiger heron (Tigrisoma mexicanum)

Pelicans

American white pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)

Brown pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis)

Tropicbirds

Red-billed tropicbird (Phaethon aethereus)

Storks and allies

American white ibis (Eudocimus albus)

Roseate spoonbill (Platalea ajaja)

Glossy ibis (Plegadis falcinellus)

American flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber)

Woodpeckers

Ivory-billed woodpecker (Campephilus principalis)

Northern flicker (Colaptes auratus)

Downy woodpecker (Dryobates pubescens)

Ladder-backed woodpecker (Dryobates scalaris)

Pileated woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus)

Red-cockaded woodpecker (Leuconotopicus borealis)

Golden-fronted woodpecker (Melanerpes aurifrons)

Red-bellied woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)

Red-headed woodpecker (Melanerpes erythrocephalus)

Acorn woodpecker (Melanerpes formicivorus)

Lewis’s woodpecker (Melanerpes lewis)

Hairy woodpecker (Picoides villosus)

Red-naped sapsucker (Sphyrapicus nuchalis)

Red-breasted sapsucker (Sphyrapicus ruber)

Williamson’s sapsucker (Sphyrapicus thyroideus)

Yellow-bellied sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius)

Grebes

Clark’s grebe (Aechmophorus clarkii)

Western grebe (Aechmophorus occidentalis)

Horned grebe (Podiceps auritus)

Red-necked grebe (Podiceps grisegena)

Black-necked grebe (Podiceps nigricollis)

Pied-billed grebe (Podilymbus podiceps)

Least grebe (Tachybaptus dominicus)

Albatrosses and allies

Atlantic yellow-nosed albatross (Thalassarche chlororhynchos)

Leach’s storm petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa)

Cory’s shearwater (Calonectris borealis)

White-chinned petrel (Procellaria aequinoctialis)

Black-capped petrel (Pterodroma hasitata)

Great shearwater (Puffinus gravis)

Sooty shearwater (Puffinus griseus)

Audubon’s shearwater (Puffinus lherminieri)

Manx shearwater (Puffinus puffinus)

Parrots

Red-crowned amazon (Amazona viridigenalis)

Monk parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus)

Green parakeet (Psittacara holochlorus)

Owls

Owls intro

Northern saw-whet owl (Aegolius acadicus)

Short-eared owl (Asio flammeus)

Long-eared owl (Asio otus)

Stygian owl (Asio stygius)

Burrowing owl (Athene cunicularia)

Snowy owl (Bubo scandiacus)

Great horned owl (Bubo virginianus)

Ferruginous pygmy owl (Glaucidium brasilianum)

Northern pygmy owl (Glaucidium gnoma)

Eastern screech owl (Megascops asio)

Western screech owl (Megascops kennicottii)

Elf owl (Micrathene whitneyi)

Flammulated owl (Psiloscops flammeolus)

Spotted owl (Strix occidentalis)

Barred owl (Strix varia)

Mottled owl (Strix virgata)

Barn owl (Tyto alba)

Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga)

Frigatebirds

Magnificent frigatebird (Fregata magnificens)

Cormorants

Double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus)

Neotropic cormorant (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)

Gannets and boobies

Northern gannet (Morus bassanus)

Masked booby (Sula dactylatra)

Brown booby (Sula leucogaster)

Blue-footed booby (Sula nebouxii)

Red-footed booby (Sula sula)

Hummingbirds

Green-breasted mango (Anthracothorax prevostii)

Black-chinned hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri)

Ruby-throated hummingbird (Archilochus colubris)

Lucifer sheartail (Calothorax lucifer)

Anna’s hummingbird (Calypte anna)

Costa’s hummingbird (Calypte costae)

Green violetear (Colibri thalassinus)

Broad-billed hummingbird (Cynanthus latirostris)

Magnificent hummingbird (Eugenes fulgens)

Blue-throated hummingbird (Lampornis clemenciae)

Broad-tailed hummingbird (Selasphorus platycercus)

Rufous hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus)

Berylline hummingbird (Amazilia beryllina)

Violet-crowned hummingbird (Amazilia violiceps)

White-eared hummingbird (Basilinna leucotis)

Calliope hummingbird (Selasphorus calliope)

Allen’s hummingbird (Selasphorus sasin)

Elegant trogon (Trogon elegans)

Mammals

Mammals intro

Even-toed ungulates

Hoofed mammals intro

Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana)

Bovids

Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia)

Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra)

Bison (Bison bison)

Texas longhorn (Bos taurus)

Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus)

Bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis)

Deer

Chital (Axis axis)

Red deer (Cervus elaphus)

Sika deer (Cervus nippon)

Fallow deer (Dama dama)

Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus)

Sambar deer (Rusa unicolor)

Wild boar (Sus scrofa)

Collared peccary (Pecari tajacu)

Whales and dolphins

Baleen whales

Baleen whales intro

North Atlantic right whale (Eubalaena glacialis)

Common minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata)

Blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus)

Fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus)

Humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae)

Bryde’s whale (Balaenoptera edeni)

Toothed whales

Toothed whales intro

Risso’s dolphin (Grampus griseus)

Melon-headed whale (Peponocephala electra)

Short-beaked common dolphin (Delphinus delphis)

Short-finned pilot whale (Globicephala macrorhynchus)

False killer whale (Pseudorca crassidens)

Pantropical spotted dolphin (Stenella attenuata)

Clymene dolphin (Stenella clymene)

Striped dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba)

Atlantic spotted dolphin (Stenella frontalis)

Spinner dolphin (Stenella longirostris)

Rough-toothed dolphin (Steno bredanensis)

Common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)

Dwarf sperm whale (Kogia sima)

Sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus)

Blainville’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon densirostris)

West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus)

Shrews and moles

Southern short-tailed shrew (Blarina carolinensis)

North American least shrew (Cryptotis parva)

Crawford’s gray shrew (Notiosorex crawfordi)

Eastern mole (Scalopus aquaticus)

Hares, rabbits, and pikas

Black-tailed jackrabbit (Lepus californicus)

Swamp rabbit (Sylvilagus aquaticus)

Eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus)

Armadillos

Nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus)

Rodents

Rodents intro

Voles and allies

Woodland vole (Microtus pinetorum)

White-throated woodrat (Neotoma albigula)

Muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus)

Mearns’ grasshopper mouse (Onychomys arenicola)

Northern grasshopper mouse (Onychomys leucogaster)

Marsh rice rat (Oryzomys palustris)

Cactus mouse (Peromyscus eremicus)

Cotton mouse (Peromyscus gossypinus)

White-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus)

Deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus)

Pinyon mouse (Peromyscus truei)

Eastern harvest mouse (Reithrodontomys humulis)

Western harvest mouse (Reithrodontomys megalotis)

Hispid cotton rat (Sigmodon hispidus)

Yellow-nosed cotton rat (Sigmodon ochrognathus)

North American porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum)

Gophers

Plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

Texas pocket gopher (Geomys personatus)

Botta’s pocket gopher (Thomomys bottae)

Kangaroo mice and allies

Desert pocket mouse (Chaetodipus penicillatus)

Gulf Coast kangaroo rat (Dipodomys compactus)

Merriam’s kangaroo rat (Dipodomys merriami)

Ord’s kangaroo rat (Dipodomys ordii)

Silky pocket mouse (Perognathus flavus)

Mice and rats

House mouse (Mus musculus)

Brown rat (Rattus norvegicus)

Black rat (Rattus rattus)

Nutria (Myocastor coypus)

Squirrels

Black-tailed prairie dog (Cynomys ludovicianus)

Southern flying squirrel (Glaucomys volans)

Mexican ground squirrel (Ictidomys mexicanus)

Thirteen-lined ground squirrel (Ictidomys tridecemlineatus)

Rock squirrel (Otospermophilus variegatus)

Eastern gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis)

Fox squirrel (Sciurus niger)

Spotted ground squirrel (Xerospermophilus spilosoma)

Bats

Bats intro

Free-tailed bats

Western mastiff bat (Eumops perotis)

Big free-tailed bat (Nyctinomops macrotis)

Mexican free-tailed bat (Tadarida brasiliensis)

Mustached bats

Ghost-faced bat (Mormoops megalophylla)

New World leaf-nosed bats

Mexican long-tongued bat (Choeronycteris mexicana)

Greater long-nosed bat (Leptonycteris nivalis)

Common bats

Pallid bat (Antrozous pallidus)

Rafinesque’s big-eared bat (Corynorhinus rafinesquii)

Townsend’s big-eared bat (Corynorhinus townsendii)

Big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus)

Spotted bat (Euderma maculatum)

Silver-haired bat (Lasionycteris noctivagans)

Desert red bat (Lasiurus blossevillii)

Eastern red bat (Lasiurus borealis)

Hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus)

Northern yellow bat (Lasiurus intermedius)

Seminole bat (Lasiurus seminolus)

Southeastern myotis (Myotis austroriparius)

California myotis (Myotis californicus)

Western small-footed bat (Myotis ciliolabrum)

Little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus)

Northern long-eared bat (Myotis septentrionalis)

Fringed myotis (Myotis thysanodes)

Cave myotis (Myotis velifer)

Long-legged myotis (Myotis volans)

Yuma myotis (Myotis yumanensis)

Evening bat (Nycticeius humeralis)

Western pipistrelle (Parastrellus hesperus)

Eastern pipistrelle (Perimyotis subflavus)

Carnivorans

Carnivorans intro

Canines

Coyote (Canis latrans)

Gray wolf (Canis lupus)

Red wolf (Canis rufus)

Swift fox (Vulpes velox)

Red fox (Vulpes vulpes)

Felines

Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis)

Margay (Leopardus wiedii)

Bobcat (Lynx rufus)

Cougar (Puma concolor)

Jaguarundi (Puma yagouaroundi)

Skunks

Striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis)

Otters and allies

North American river otter (Lontra canadensis)

Long-tailed weasel (Mustela frenata)

Black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes)

American mink (Neovison vison)

American badger (Taxidea taxus)

Raccoons and allies

Ring-tailed cat (Bassariscus astutus)

White-nosed coati (Nasua narica)

Raccoon (Procyon lotor)

Bears

American black bear (Ursus americanus)

Brown bear (Ursus arctos)

Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana)

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