One of the earliest cultivated trees by humans. Evergreen tree; oblong, pointed, green-gray leaves with paler, hairy undersides; small, fragrant, white flowers. Olive trees may live over 1,000 years. Pollen causes allergies in some people.
Sunny, limestone areas in the Northern Highlands, including Jerash, Ajloun, Amman, and Madaba.
Raw olives are inedible. Unripe olives are cured and often fermented to produce edible green olives. Ripe olives are cured to produce black olives or pressed to extract oil. Olive branches symbolize peace.