The Nabateans collected and managed water by building elaborate systems of channels, pipes, dams, and underground cisterns. They made great advances in manufacturing ceramic pipes and developed durable, waterproof cement to line and seal porous sandstone cisterns. Secret water collection systems were built far beyond Petra, allowing the Nabateans to travel the deserts unchallenged. Many water collection systems are still in use today by locals, while others have yet to be discovered.
Common in and around Petra. Examples of channels are on both sides of the Siq; pipes are exhibited at the Petra Archaeological Museum north of the Dushara Temple; a cistern is near Petra’s entrance at the GPS coordinates: 30.3268°, 35.4686°.