Uplift is the geological process through which land is pushed upwards, increasing its elevation. Jordan’s highlands were once flat sedimentary deposits buried below ground, as they still are in the flat Eastern Desert. The highlands were uplifted around three million years ago by accelerated tectonic activities that formed the Jordan Valley. The pictured mountains show sedimentary rock layers uplifted and tilted from their original horizontal position.
The highlands east of the Jordan Valley. Clear examples are south of the Dead Sea, around the GPS coordinates: 31.2436°, 35.5772°.