006- Byzantine Period
Umm al-Rasas is an ancient city with origins that date as far back as the 6th or 7th century BCE. It was later fortified by the Romans to serve as a military station, and was most active in the Byzantine and Umayyad periods when the Christian inhabitants constructed several churches adorned with mosaic floors. The Church of St. Stephen boasts the largest mosaic floor in Jordan, containing inscriptions, geometrical patterns, portraits, and depictions of 27 cities, including Jerusalem and Madaba. Umm al-Rasas consists of a fortified camp in the southern part of the city and open quarters to the north. About one km north of the city, there is a stone quarry, a cistern, and a 15 meter tower. The tower has a small room at the top without stairs to reach it; it is believed to have been a retreat for hermit monks.
30 km southeast Madaba.