Jordan enjoys three main topographic features with unique and diverse landscapes in a relatively small geographic area: the Jordan Valley, the Highlands, and the Eastern Desert.
The Jordan Valley extends the entire length of western Jordan. The northern part of the valley, watered by the Jordan River, is the fertile Ghor. The southern part is the arid and spectacular Wadi Araba. In the middle is the Dead Sea region, the lowest point on Earth.
Jordan’s highlands extend the entire length of the country, forming the eastern ridge of the Jordan Valley. The northern part enjoys a Mediterranean climate, receives the country’s highest rainfall, and includes woodland habitats. The southern part is intersected by spectacular valleys such as Wadi Mujib, Wadi Hasa, and Wadi Musa.
The Eastern Desert covers 75% of Jordan. It includes the Basalt Desert in the north, the Ruwayshid Desert in the north-east, the Central Desert in central Jordan, and the Mudawwara and Rum deserts in the south.