Although termites resemble ants in many ways including social behavior, they are more primitive than ants and more closely related to cockroaches. They are distinguished from ants by a broad waist and beaded antennae. Wingless termites have a white body and a yellowish head. Soldier termites have darker and larger head and jaws. Winged termites (see Alates) are dark with two pairs of long, white wings; they emerge in spring to start new colonies.
Spends most of its time in dark places. Emerges to explore new food sources and to build new nests.
Termites feed on the fiber of dead wood and grasses, and play an important role in recycling organic matter.
Widespread in all habitats, including deserts with some vegetation. Builds underground nests. Often found under rocks or plant debris.