Scorpions are closely related to spiders. They have eight legs, a pair of pedipalps tipped with pincers, and a sting at the end of a segmented tail. A total of 14 scorpion species have been recorded in Jordan, 11 belong to the generally venomous Buthidae family characterized by thick tails relative to their thin pincers. The most dangerous is the deathstalker (Leiurus quinquestriatus) pictured in the first photo.
Mainly nocturnal. Timid. Attacks humans only in self-defense. Females carry newly hatched scorpions on their backs. Juveniles undergo several molts as they grow.
Scorpions feed on insects, spiders, and small animals including other scorpions. Highly venomous scorpions also kill and feed on rodents and reptiles.
Widespread, but most common in arid areas. Scorpions that carry their tails over their backs live in burrows, while those that carry their tails to one side live under rocks.