Two rat species occur in Jordan: the black rat Rattus rattus and the brown rat Rattus norvegicus. The more common black rat is distinguished by its darker and finer hair, smaller size, longer tail and ears, poor swimming skills, and better climbing skills. Both species are susceptible to diseases such as the bubonic plague, making them a health hazard to humans.
Rats are nocturnal and live in large social groups.
Grains and almost any other available food.
Common in all urban areas. The black rat prefers high nests, while the brown rat is commonly found in sewers.