Four pistachio species have been recorded in Jordan. Pistachio trees have compound leaves with 7–11 leaflets (odd pinnate). Female trees produce red, brown, or blue fruit.
Sunny highlands and desert margins, including Irbid, Amman, Petra, and Wadi Butum. Wadi Butum, named after this tree, terminates near the Amra Palace west of Azraq, at the GPS coordinates: 31.8000°, 36.5883°.
Wild pistachios produce edible seeds known as butum in Arabic, which are smaller than the familiar commercial pistachios. The terebinth (Pistacia palaestina) produces a resin distilled into turpentine. The evergreen pistachio (Pistacia lentiscus) produces a chewable mastic resin, also used in varnishes, glues, and other products.