Earth’s interior consists mostly of iron, nickel, and smaller amounts of other metals. Lava flows generally bring out traces of metals that are mixed with molten rock. They occasionally become separated and pooled by natural chemical and physical processes into mineable ores.
Copper is found in Wadi Finan around the GPS coordinates: 30.6233°, 35.5000°. It is reached from Wadi Araba about 100 km south of the Dead Sea (see Finan Copper Mines). The sand in the Basalt Desert is rich in iron.