005- Roman Period
003- Roman Forts
The Machaerus Fortress was built around 100 BCE by the Hasmonean King Alexander Jannaeus to defend against the Nabateans. It was destroyed by the Romans in 57 BCE, then rebuilt by the Roman client-king Herod the Great in 37-34 BCE. It was here that Herod’s son, Herod Antipas, honored Salome’s wishes by presenting her with the head of the prophet John the Baptist on a plate. The fortress was again destroyed by the Romans in 72 CE after the Judaean war. The fortress is comprised of towers, rooms, a courtyard, a bath, and an aqueduct.
A hill summit by the village of Mukawir, overlooking the Dead Sea; 30 km southwest of Madaba.