Litter and Pollution
002- Human Impact
While one piece of litter may seem harmless, each piece contributes to the gradual degradation of whole habitats and ecosystems. Among other things, litter can trap and kill animals, pollute water, and provide breeding grounds for disease-transmitting insects and rodents. Industrial and agricultural pollution can cause diseases and disorders affecting both humans and wildlife. Worldwide, water pollution is the cause of over 14,000 human deaths each day. With the exception of the Aqaba basin, Jordan’s drainage basins have no outlets to other bodies of water, which makes them sensitive to pollution (see Basins). Pollution brought in by rainwater is left behind by evaporation, gradually building up in the environment and seeping into underground aquifers.
Littering is common on roadsides and picnic areas in Jordan. Some bodies of water, such as the Jordan and Zarqa Rivers, have been polluted by sewage and industrial waste. Sources of air pollution include refineries, mines, vehicles, and dust storms.