Testudo graeca terrestris
Yellow-brown with black patches. Shell has five vertebral plates, four costal plates on each side, and 10–11 marginal plates on each side. The number of rings on the shell is determined by diet, not age. Males are smaller than females, have a longer tail, and their bottom shell is farther from the tail-base. Color contrast is greater in juveniles.
Moves slowly. Retracts its body into its shell when threatened.
Levantine tortoises feed mainly on leaves, flowers, and fruit.
Woodlands and grasslands of western Jordan, including Amman, Irbid, Karak, and Wadi Dana.