A total of four jujube species have been recorded in Jordan. They are drought-resistant shrubs or trees generally characterized by spiny branches; shiny leaves with three basal veins; and small, yellowish, scented, honey-filled flowers. Fruit is round, red, and sweet when ripe.
Ziziphus spina-christi is found mainly in alluvial plains in Wadi Araba. Other species are found in limestone slopes in valleys of western Jordan, including Wadi al-Seer and Wadi Hidan.
Throughout the year, mostly in late summer.
Fruit tastes and feels like dates; it is a source of food for Bedouins during famine. Leaves are a source of food for camels.