Two jerboa species have been recorded in Jordan. They are generally characterized by reddish or brown upperparts, lighter underparts, short forelegs, long hind legs, and a long tail with a hairy tip used for balance. Hind legs are adapted for leaping and hopping at high speeds and for long distances.
Nocturnal and solitary. Hops on its hind legs like a kangaroo.
Jerboas feed mainly on vegetation.
The three-toed jerboa (Jaculus jaculus) occurs in the flat, arid areas of eastern Jordan such as Azraq, and some arid valleys in western Jordan such as Wadi Fidan. The five-toed jerboa (Allactaga euphratica) occurs in the arid areas of eastern Jordan, including Azraq and Ma’an.