Bees in the Apis genus have a fuzzy, yellow or reddish abdomen with dark stripes; sacks on the hind legs used to transport pollen; a stinger at the tip of the abdomen used to defend the beehive; two large compound eyes on the sides of the head; and three small ocelli on the forehead that form a triangle (see Eyes and Ocelli). The dwarf honey bee A. florea is redder than the Western honey bee A. mellifera.
Bees live in social colonies comprised of one female queen that lays eggs; male drones that mate with the queen; and sterile female workers that build and protect the hive, gather and store food, and tend the larvae.
Honey bees feed on pollen and nectar, pollinating flowers in the process.
Mostly domesticated to produce honey and wax. Wild bees are found in open fields and urban gardens. They build beehives on trees and buildings.