الخط الحديدي الحجازي
009- Ottoman Period
Towards the end of their rule, the Ottomans constructed the Hejaz Railway along the old pilgrimage road. Some train stations were built a close distance from the forts that protected the road. During the Great Arab Revolt (1916–1918), successful raids on the railway by Lawrence of Arabia and the Arab army disrupted the line only a few years after it opened.
The Hejaz Railway ran through Mafraq, Zarqa, Amman, Jiza, Qatranah, Ma’an, Mudawwara, and several stations in between, many of which are still standing or in use today. Most Arab raids took place south of Ma’an, damaging and later dismantling the railroad section north of Mudawwara. Several sections farther north are still operational such as the route between Amman and Damascus, and between Hasa and Aqaba.