005- Roman Period
The Hadrian’s Arch is an ornate, triumphal arch commemorating Emperor Hadrian’s visit to Jerash in 129 CE. Hadrian was the Governor of Syria before becoming emperor. As emperor, he is known for securing the Empire by building frontier defenses, including Hadrian’s Wall in Great Britain. Interestingly, the original design of Hadrian’s Wall matches a Nabatean wall in Jordan (see Arab Wall).
Hadrian’s Arch was to become a southern city gate, but it remained south of the walled city.