Grasshoppers have an elongated body with long hind legs used for leaping. They are distinguished from crickets and katydids by antennae shorter than their bodies and their short ovipositor (needle-like organ for laying eggs at the tip of the female’s abdomen). Some grasshoppers have a drab body with more colorful hindwings revealed in flight. Males are smaller than females. Among grasshoppers are locusts, which occasionally group in large swarms, causing extensive crop damage.
Males make noise to attract females. Depending on the species, the noise is produced by rubbing different body parts or by vibrating their forewings. Females lay eggs in sand or crevices to hatch the following spring.
Widespread in all habitats, including deserts.