A total of three gazelle species occur in Jordan. They are generally characterized by a slender body with long hind legs; a reddish-brown coat; a white belly; dark flank stripes; a black, short tail; white stripes connecting the eyes to the nostrils; and backward-bending horns.
Fast runner. Moves in small herds in cooler hours. Rests in the shade around midday. Uses sight and hearing to detect predators and smell to find food. Highly territorial: males mark their territory with dung and scent-gland secretions.
Gazelles feed on vegetation.
Endangered and protected. The mountain gazelle (Gazella gazelle) occurs in the mountains and foothills of southwestern Jordan, including the Dana Nature Reserve. The dorcas gazelle (Gazella dorcas) occurs in the desert plains and dry canyons of southwestern Jordan, including Wadi Araba. Once extinct in Jordan, the goitered gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) is currently bred in captivity in the Shomari Reserve for reintroduction into the wild.