Flower to Fruit
زهرة إلى الفاكهة
Flowers are reproductive structures of the flowering plants, which make up about 90% of the all plants. Showy flowers use color, scent, and food rewards to attract animals that aid in pollination. They typically have both male and female organs (bisexual) and sticky pollen that clings to pollinators.
Other wind-pollinated plants, such as grasses, typically have smaller, less showy, and separate male and female flowers. Male flowers produce finer, dust-like, wind-dispersed pollen. Female flowers generally have feathery or sticky stigmas to capture the airborne pollen.
Flowers come in a wide variety of colors, shapes, sizes, adaptations, and number of organs. They generally have one or more pistils (female organs), several stamens (male organs), several petals, and several sepals. Self-fertilization may occur in plants with both sexes, but some plants have ways to prevent it.
After pollination, the ovaries of female flowers develop into seed-bearing fruit. Most plants have small seeds that get disseminated by wind or water. Some fruits have hooked spines that cling to animals. Some seed capsules explode open to eject the seeds away from the parent plant. Most nutritional fruits are eaten and hoarded by animals, disseminating some seeds in the process.