Finan Copper Mines
مناجم النحاس في فينان
002- Iron Age Kingdoms
The Finan Valley is the site of the largest ancient copper mines. Early farming communities made beads from copper stones found in the valley around 8,000 years ago. Copper mining began in the Copper Age around 6,000 years ago. The Finan mines were controlled by the Egyptians around the 13th century BCE. The copper industry reached its first peak under the Edomites around the 12th century BCE, and reached its second peak under the Romans when convicts and Christian slaves were worked to death in the mines. Thousands of graves have been found in the area, together with the ruins of several Byzantine churches built later to honor early Christians. The remains of furnaces and heaps of black slag from the smelting process are common in the valley, while the surrounding hills remain completely barren today, having been deforested to fuel the industry.
At the border of Dana Nature Reserve around the GPS coordinates: 30.6233°, 35.5000°. It is reached from Wadi Araba about 100 km south of the Dead Sea. See Dana Nature Reserve.