European Paper Wasp
Black body with a contrasting yellow pattern on its face, back, and abdomen; orange antennae; narrow waist; two large compound eyes on the sides of the head; three small ocelli on the forehead that form a triangle (see Ocelli).
Non-aggressive, except when defending its nest. Only reproductive females winter in crevices and survive to form new colonies the following spring.
Feeds mainly on caterpillars and some other insects.
Urban areas and dry regions with water sources such as river valleys. Builds paper nests under covered structures.