The world’s largest owl. Speckled, brown-black upperparts and throat; lighter underparts with horizontal streaks; brown edges on its facial-disk; brown-black tail-bars; black bill and claws. Easily identifiable by its orange eyes and ear-like feather tufts. Ear tufts are generally upright in males and drooping in females. Eagle owls live up to 60 years.
Mainly nocturnal. Territorial, solitary, and timid. Avoids people.
Eagle owls feed mainly on insects, small mammals, reptiles, birds, and occasionally on larger animals such as foxes.
Threatened species. Occurs in open, rocky areas in the Eastern Desert, including Azraq and Wadi Rum. Nests in crevices on rocky cliffs.