001- Early Inhabitants
Dolmens (meaning stone tables in the Celtic language Breton) are cubic structures with upright stone slabs that support horizontal capstones. They date roughly to the Bronze Age (3500-1200 BCE) or earlier. The discovery of skeletal remains in some of the dolmens indicates that they had been used as burial chambers. The dolmens were designed either with movable slabs or with square portholes that could be reopened and used for multiple burials. They were originally sealed with earth mounds, which have subsequently eroded away.
A large dolmen concentration is found in Jordan, although some have been damaged or are now endangered by encroaching development. The biggest dolmen field spreads over several kilometers north of the Dead Sea, around the GPS coordinates: 32.1033°, 35.6038°. Other dolmens can be found around Irbid, Jerash, Amman, and Mount Nebo.