002- Iron Age Kingdoms
Ancient Dibon dates as far back as the third millennium BCE. Along with Karak, it became the capital of the kingdom of Moab around the first millennium BCE. Discovered in Dibon in 1868, the Mesha stele is a black basalt stone that records King Mesha’s victories and building projects that included fortifications and water reservoirs. Dibon was later occupied by the Romans, Byzantines, and Muslims.
The kingdom of Moab occupied the Dead Sea’s eastern shore and plateau. Partial excavations of Dibon are adjacent to the present-day town of Diban, 25 km south of Madaba. The Mesha stele is part of the Louvre Museum collection in Paris.