Evergreen tree; slender trunk; new stems and leaves form a crown at the top, while 3–7 year old stems droop or fall off at the bottom; small leaves at the stem base are modified into spines for protection. Female palms produce edible dates, while male palms only produce pollen. In the wild, female palms are pollinated by wind. In farms, they are pollinated manually to insure pollination and reduce the number of male trees.
Sunny, hot regions with groundwater such as the Jordan Valley, and oases such as Azraq and Ma’an.
Spring. Requires hot, dry climates to produce fruit.
Edible fruit. Different parts of the date tree are used in roofing, the production of ropes, etc.