One of the earliest domesticated trees; domesticated over 10,000 years ago in the Jordan Valley. Fig trees have large, veined leaves with three or five lobes. They produce green fruit that turns purple when ripe. Fig fruit is actually a container holding hundreds of small fleshy flowers; each develops into a small seed. Fig trees are drought tolerant.
Sunny regions in the Jordan River Valley and the highlands including Ajloun, Amman, and Petra.
Produces a crop in spring and another in late summer. Leaves fall off after the second crop.
Fruit is edible raw, dried, or in jams.