Gallus gallus domesticus
Domesticated in Vietnam over 10,000 years ago, reaching the Middle East around 3,000 years ago. Males (roosters) have showy, shiny plumage; long tail; red, fleshy crest (comb); and hanging, fleshy flaps under the bill (wattles). Females (hens) have duller colors, shorter comb, and shorter wattles.
Flies for short distances when disturbed. Scratches the soil in search of seeds and insects. Roosters crow loudly to proclaim their territory.
Chickens feed on seeds, insects, and lizards.
Domesticated. Used for meat and eggs.