Two cattail species have been recorded in Jordan. They have long stems; long, thin basal leaves; tiny female flowers clustered in brown, cylindrical spikes; and male flowers clustered in thinner, yellow spikes above the female spikes. Male spikes become bare after shedding their pollen. Mature seeds embedded in downy fibers are dispersed by wind.
Sunny wetlands and riverbanks, including Azraq, the Jordan River, Wadi Mujib, and Wadi al-Seer.
Spring or summer.
Green flower stalks are edible boiled (like corn on the cob). Roots are edible raw or cooked. Stems and leaves are used to make paper or woven into mats. Seed fibers are used for kindling, insulation, and mattress stuffing.