Elongated body; flat belly; round snout; sucker-like mouth; two pairs of short barbels; color varies depending on habitat.
Bottom feeder. In fast-running water, it clings to rocks with its sucker-like mouth and scrapes off encrusted algae with its teeth.
Feeds on algae. Used in warm pools that lack algae to feed on the skin of patients with skin diseases, which gives it the “doctor fish” nickname.
The Jordan River and wadis of western Jordan, including the Zarqa and Mujib. Farther south, the Garra rufa is replaced by the closely-related, endemic Garra ghorensis.