Evergreen, drought-tolerant tree with a thick, rough trunk and leathery, green oval leaves. Small, clustered, red flowers that lack petals. Long, brown seed-pods that ripen in late summer. Carob trees are male, female, or hermaphrodite (both sexes). Only female trees produce fruit.
Rocky regions in the highlands, including Amman and Ajloun.
Seed-pods are rich in sugar and protein, constituting the main source of food for Bedouins during famine. Fruit is eaten raw or ground to use as a sweetener and chocolate substitute. Seeds are roasted as a coffee substitute and used for medicinal purposes as a laxative.