The black iris is the national flower of Jordan and endemic to the country. The black iris has thin, down-curving, basal leaves shorter than stems; dark-purple, glossy, veined flowers with three upright petals (standards) and three drooping sepals (falls); a single compound pistil (female organ) that resembles three additional petals; and three stamens (male organs). Distinguished from the closely-related Petra iris by longer stems and darker flowers that grow in smaller clusters (10 or less).
Semi-deserts east of the Dead Sea, including Madaba, Karak, Qatranah, and Shobak. Endangered species.