001- Early Inhabitants
Beida was inhabited by early nomads as far back as the 11th millennium BCE. It developed into one of the earliest prehistoric human settlements in the Middle East over 9,000 years ago. Important evidence of early goat domestication has been found in Beida. The bone remains of consumed goats that have been excavated in this area are mostly from immature goats, which indicates that they were domesticated, not hunted in the wild. Remains of wheat and barley in the early stages of domestication from wild grasses have also been found in Beida.
Beida is near Little Petra, 10 km north of Petra, at the GPS coordinates: 30.3709°, 35.4475°. Other pre-pottery human settlements near Petra are Basta, 25 km south of Petra, and Shkarat Msaied, 15 km north of Petra.