005- Roman Period
003- Roman Forts
The Azraq Fort is one of several forts that defended the springs of the Azraq Oasis. Although the Azraq Oasis was distant from major cities, controlling it was important both to protect trade routes and to deny enemies access to water. The Azraq Fort was originally built by the Romans in the 3rd century CE, later used by the Byzantines and Umayyads, rebuilt by the Mamluks in 1237, and used by the Ottomans in the 16th century. Lawrence of Arabia spent the winter of 1917 in this fort during the Great Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire. The fort is square-shaped with corner-towers, a central courtyard, a small mosque, and a water well. It was built with black basalt stones and massive granite doors that seal the entrance.
The Azraq Oasis 90 km east of Amman.