Arabian Horned Viper
أفعى مقرنة عربية
Venomous. Sandy or reddish body with darker blotches along the back; wide, flat head; horn-like elongated scales above the eyes (not always present); yellow eyes with vertical black pupils; dark streaks behind the eyes; short tail.
Nocturnal; partially buries itself in the sand or hides in crevices during the day. Slow-moving, but can sidewind quickly across the sand. Rubs its scales together to make a rasping sound when provoked.
Reptiles, rodents, and birds.
Sandy deserts including Wadi Araba and Wadi Rum.