Superbly adapted to the desert, the Arabian camel stores fat in its hump and water in its bloodstream. It tolerates high temperatures, eliminating panting and minimizing perspiration. It has flat feet with broad pads for walking on sand. To protect against dust, the camel has two rows of eyelashes, small hairy ears, and nostrils that can shut tightly.
Swallows food quickly, then chews the cud. The legs on each side of the body move together, producing a wobbly walk. During mating, males gurgle, foam from the mouth, and show off an inflated throat bladder (dulla), commonly mistaken for the tongue.
Almost any available vegetation, including thorny bushes.
Domesticated around 2,000 BCE in the Arabian Peninsula, the Arabian camel is used for transportation and as a source of milk, meat, skin, and fiber.