There are over 2,000 antlion species worldwide. They are characterized by slender abdomens; long, net-veined wings; hairy legs and bodies; and antennae with curved, clubbed tips. The antlion spends 2–3 years in its larval stage and only about one month in its adult stage. The antlion’s larva is smaller and has a rounded body with protruding neck, head, and jaws.
Adults flutter about in search of mates mainly in the evening; they are attracted to light. After mating, females lay eggs in the sand. A hatched larva sets off in search of a suitable location to build a sand trap, leaving a distinct winding trail behind that gives it its doodlebug nickname. Once the location is found, the larva builds a sand pit and buries itself in the middle to capture insects trapped by the pit’s loose sand. Carcasses of consumed insects are usually found discarded around the pit. Fully grown larvae enclose themselves in sand and silk cocoons, and then emerge later as adult antlions.
Adults feed on pollen and nectar. Larvae feed mainly on ants, some other insects, spiders, and even adult antlions.
Arid, sandy areas including Karak, Madaba, Amman, and the Azraq region.