005- Roman Period
During the Roman rule, the city of Philadelphia (Amman) was at the crossroads of lucrative trade routes connecting the Empire with the south and Far East. The city flourished and was rebuilt in the Roman style with colonnaded streets, fountains, a bathhouse, a temple, and other public buildings. Only a few Roman structures in Amman remain well persevered. Among them is the amphitheater, built around 150 CE. It is the largest in Jordan, it seats over 6,000 spectators, and is still used today for cultural events. Just north of the amphitheater stands another smaller theatre (Odeon) that seats 500 spectators. It was originally roofed over and was used for smaller events. Other Roman structures in Amman are the Nymphaeum and the ruins of Hercules Temple.
The theaters are in downtown Amman. The Nymphaeum is southwest from the theaters. The Hercules Temple is on the Citadel overlooking the downtown area.